Cancer in Norway 2021. Cancer incidence, mortality, survival and prevalence in Norway. Oslo: Cancer registry of Norway; 2022 [cited 2022 July 27]. Available from: https://www.kreftregisteret.no/globalassets/cancer-in-norway/2021/cin_report.pdf.
Key figures on cancer. Oslo: Cancer Registry of Norway; 2020 [cited 2022 June 29]. Available from: https://www.kreftregisteret.no/en/Temasider/key-figures-on-cancer/.
Chronic, late effects of cancer treatment: The consequences of a cure: Healio; 2020 [cited 2022 31. January]. Available from: https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20200414/chronic-late-effects-of-cancer-treatment-the-consequences-of-a-cure.
Seneffekter etter kreftbehandling [late effects from cancer treatment] Oslo: Norwegian Directorate of Health; 2020. Available from: https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/rapporter/seneffekter-etter-kreftbehandling/Seneffekter%20etter%20kreftbehandling.pdf/_/attachment/inline/3d984c2a-7926-4d1a-a5f0-06d48fe7c95f:f3e498d059734ff34b013c1c206877e488e95600/Seneffekter%20etter%20kreftbehandling.pdf.
Helsedirektoratet. The Norwegian Directorate of Health: Nasjonalt handlingsprogram med retningslinjer for diagnostikk, behandling og oppfølging av kreft hos barn. Oslo: Helsedirektoratet. The Norwegian Directorate of Health; 2017.
Solem AG: "Ikke syk - Ikke frisk. (English: Neither ill - nor healthy." ). Plot, Dokumentar, Eksistens, dilemma. 2018;5(9):24–33.
Kirchhoff AC, Krull KR, Ness KK, Armstrong GT, Park ER, Stovall M, et al. Physical, mental, and neurocognitive status and employment outcomes in the childhood Cancer survivor study cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prev. 2011;20(9):1838–49.
Ness KK, Gurney JG, Zeltzer LK, Leisenring W, Mulrooney DA, Nathan PC, et al. The impact of limitations in physical, executive, and emotional function on health-related quality of life among adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the childhood Cancer survivor study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008;89(1):128–36.
Ness KK, Hudson MM, Ginsberg JP, Nagarajan R, Kaste SC, Marina N, et al. Physical performance limitations in the childhood Cancer survivor study cohort. J Clin Oncol. 2009;27(14):2382–9.
Reinertsen KV, Loge JH, Brekke M, Kiserud CE. Chronic fatigue in adult cancer survivors. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening. 2017;137(21). https://doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.17.0040.
Bissounauth V, Shatenstein B, Ghadirian P. Nutrition and breast cancer among sporadic cases and gene mutation carriers: an overview. Cancer Detect Prev. 2008;32:52–64.
Stein KD, Syrjala KL, Andrykowski MA. Physical and psychological long-term and late effects of cancer. Cancer. 2008;112:2577–92.
Bohn SH, Vandraas KF, Kiserud CE, Dahl AA, Thorsen L, Ewertz M, et al. Work status changes and associated factors in a nationwide sample of Norwegian long-term breast cancer survivors. J Cancer Surviv. 2022:1–10.
Kiserud CE, Dahl AA, Fosså SD. Cancer survivorship in adults. In: Psycho-Oncology: Springer; 2018. p. 123–43.
Cancer in Norway 2020. Oslo: Cancer registry of Norway; 2021 [cited 2022 July 27]. Available from: https://healthtalkweb.s3.amazonaws.com/documents/Cancer_in_Norway_2020.pdf.
Syse A, Tretli S, Kravdal Ø. Cancer’s impact on employment and earnings—a population-based study from Norway. J Cancer Surviv. 2008;2(3):149–58.
Dahl AA, Fosså SD, Lie HC, Loge JH, Reinertsen KV, Ruud E, et al. Employment status and work ability in long-term young adult Cancer survivors. J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol. 2019;8(3):304–11.
Johannesen TB, Langmark F, Wesenberg F, Lote K. Prevalence of Norwegian patients diagnosed with childhood cancer, their working ability and need of health insurance benefits. Acta Oncol. 2007;46(1):60–6.
Hansen F, Berntsen GR, Salamonsen A. Medical pluralism in the aftermath of cancer: health seeking actions and cancer patients’ shaping of trajectories to healing. Anthropol Med. 2020;27(3):330–46.
Saquib J, Madlensky L, Kealey S, Saquib N, Natarajan L, Newman VA, et al. Classification of CAM use and its correlates in patients with early-stage breast cancer. Integr Cancer Ther. 2011;10(2):138–47.
Act No. 64 of 27 June 2003 relating to the alternative treatment of disease, illness, etc. Oslo; 2003. Available from: https://app.uio.no/ub/ujur/oversatte-lover/data/lov-20030627-064-eng.pdf.
Pinto AC, De Azambuja E. Improving quality of life after breast cancer: dealing with symptoms. Maturitas. 2011;70(4):343–8.
Bower JE. Cancer-related fatigue—mechanisms, risk factors, and treatments. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2014;11(10):597–609.
Reinertsen KV, Engebraaten O, Loge JH, Cvancarova M, Naume B, Wist E, et al. Fatigue during and after breast cancer therapy—a prospective study. J Pain Symptom Manag. 2017;53(3):551–60.
JHv L, Abrahamsen AF, Ekeberg Ø, Kaasa S. Hodgkin's disease survivors more fatigued than the general population. J Clin Oncol. 1999;17(1):253.
Brem S, Kumar NB. Management of treatment-related symptoms in patients with breast cancer. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2011;15(1):63–71.
Ebede CC, Jang Y, Escalante CP. Cancer-related fatigue in cancer survivorship. Med Clin. 2017;101(6):1085–97.
Fabi A, Bhargava R, Fatigoni S, Guglielmo M, Horneber M, Roila F, et al. Cancer-related fatigue: ESMO clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis and treatment. Ann Oncol. 2020;31(6):713–23.
Finnegan-John J, Molassiotis A, Richardson A, Ream E. A systematic review of complementary and alternative medicine interventions for the management of cancer-related fatigue. Integr Cancer Ther. 2013;12(4):276–90.
Mahon SM, Carr E. Sleep-wake disturbances: common side effect. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2021;25(6):33.
Mai QD, Jacobs AW, Schieman S. Precarious sleep? Nonstandard work, gender, and sleep disturbance in 31 European countries. Soc Sci Med. 2019;237:112424.
Kirserud C, Dahl A, Fosså S. Seneffekter etter kreftbehandling. I E. In: Schilchting & E. Wist (red.), editor. Kreftsykdommer–en basisbok for helsepersonell; 2018. p. 148–61.
Henneghan AM, Harrison T. Complementary and alternative medicine therapies as symptom management strategies for the late effects of breast cancer treatment. J Holist Nurs. 2015;33(1):84–97.
Szabo R, Marino J, Hickey M. Managing menopausal symptoms after cancer. Climacteric. 2019;22(6):572–8.
Eikeland SA, Smeland KB, Mols F, Fagerli UM, Bersvendsen HS, Kiserud CE, et al. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy after modern treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma; symptom burden and quality of life. Acta Oncol. 2021;60(7):911–20.
Seretny M, Currie GL, Sena ES, Ramnarine S, Grant R, MacLeod MR, et al. Incidence, prevalence, and predictors of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pain®. 2014;155(12):2461–70.
Hess SL, Dahl AA, Kiserud CE. Seneffekter etter kreftbehandling [Late effects from cancer treatment]. Sykepleien. 2018:1–11.
Swain SM, Arezzo JC. Neuropathy associated with microtubule inhibitors: diagnosis, incidence, and management. Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2008;6(6):455–67.
Brami C, Bao T, Deng G. Natural products and complementary therapies for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: a systematic review. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2016;98:325–34.
Jordan B, Margulies A, Cardoso F, Cavaletti G, Haugnes H, Jahn P, et al. Systemic anticancer therapy-induced peripheral and central neurotoxicity: ESMO–EONS–EANO clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis, prevention, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2020;31(10):1306–19.
Bao T, Seidman AD, Piulson L, Vertosick E, Chen X, Vickers AJ, et al. A phase IIA trial of acupuncture to reduce chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy severity during neoadjuvant or adjuvant weekly paclitaxel chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. Eur J Cancer (Oxford, England : 1990). 2018;101:12–9.
GarciaMK CL, Guo Y, Zhou Y, You B, Chiang J, Orlowski RZ, et al. Electroacupuncture for thalidomide/bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy in multiple myeloma: a feasibility study. J Hematol Oncol. 2014;7:41.
Molassiotis A, Suen LKP, Cheng HL, Mok TSK, Lee SCY, Wang CH, et al. A randomized Assessor-blinded wait-list-controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture in the management of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Integr Cancer Ther. 2019;18:1534735419836501.
Han X, Wang L, Shi H, Zheng G, He J, Wu W, et al. Acupuncture combined with methylcobalamin for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with multiple myeloma. BMC Cancer. 2017;17(1):40.
Harrington CB, Hansen JA, Moskowitz M, Todd BL, Feuerstein M. It's not over when it's over: long-term symptoms in cancer survivors—a systematic review. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2010;40(2):163–81.
Breivik H, Cherny N, Collett B, De Conno F, Filbet M, Foubert A, et al. Cancer-related pain: a pan-European survey of prevalence, treatment, and patient attitudes. Ann Oncol. 2009;20(8):1420–33.
Fallon M, Giusti R, Aielli F, Hoskin P, Rolke R, Sharma M, et al. Management of cancer pain in adult patients: ESMO clinical practice guidelines. Ann Oncol. 2018;29:iv166–91.
Greco MT, Roberto A, Corli O, Deandrea S, Bandieri E, Cavuto S, et al. Quality of cancer pain management: an update of a systematic review of undertreatment of patients with cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2014;32(36):4149–54.
Maindet C, Burnod A, Minello C, George B, Allano G, Lemaire A. Strategies of complementary and integrative therapies in cancer-related pain—attaining exhaustive cancer pain management. Support Care Cancer. 2019;27(8):3119–32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-04829-7.
Bao Y, Kong X, Yang L, Liu R, Shi Z, Li W, et al. Complementary and alternative medicine for cancer pain: an overview of systematic reviews. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2014;2014:170396. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/170396.
Hede K. Chemobrain is real but may need new name: Oxford University Press; 2008. p. 162–9.
Jansen CE, Miaskowski C, Dodd M, Dowling G. Chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment in women with breast cancer: a critique of the literature. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2005;32(2):329–42. https://doi.org/10.1188/05.ONF.329-342.
Gehring K, Roukema JA, Sitskoorn MM. Review of recent studies on interventions for cognitive deficits in patients with cancer. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2012;12(2):255–69.
Zhang Z-J, Man S-C, Yam L-L, Yiu CY. Leung RC-Y, Qin Z-S, Chan K-WS, Lee VHF, Kwong a, Yeung W-F: Electroacupuncture trigeminal nerve stimulation plus body acupuncture for chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment in breast cancer patients: an assessor-participant blinded, randomized controlled trial. Brain Behav Immun. 2020;88:88–96.
DiSipio T, Rye S, Newman B, Hayes S. Incidence of unilateral arm lymphoedema after breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Oncol. 2013;14(6):500–15.
Hayes SC, Janda M, Ward LC, Reul-Hirche H, Steele ML, Carter J, et al. Lymphedema following gynecological cancer: results from a prospective, longitudinal cohort study on prevalence, incidence and risk factors. Gynecol Oncol. 2017;146(3):623–9.
Lindqvist E, Wedin M, Fredrikson M, Kjølhede P. Lymphedema after treatment for endometrial cancer− a review of prevalence and risk factors. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2017;211:112–21.
Golshan M, Smith B. Prevention and management of arm lymphedema in the patient with breast cancer. J Support Oncol. 2006;4(8):381–6.
Om lymfødem på grunn av kreftbehandling [About lymphedema due to cancer treatment]: Kreftlex; 2022 [cited 2022 May 6]. Available from: https://kreftlex.no/KSPROSEDYRERFASE1/OPPFOLGING/Lymfodem%20i%20arm%20ben/kreftlexFAQ?CancerType=Hud.
Chao L-F, Zhang AL, Liu H-E, Cheng M-H, Lam H-B, Lo SK. The efficacy of acupoint stimulation for the management of therapy-related adverse events in patients with breast cancer: a systematic review. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2009;118(2):255–67.
Kanakura Y, Niwa K, Kometani K, Nakazawa K, Yamaguchi Y, Ishikawa H, et al. Effectiveness of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for lymphedema following intrapelvic lymph node dissection: a preliminary report. Am J Chin Med. 2002;30(01):37–43.
Jacobson JS, Workman SB, Kronenberg F. Research on complementary/alternative medicine for patients with breast cancer: a review of the biomedical literature. J Clin Oncol. 2000;18(3):668–83.
Ryan TJ, Narahari SR. Reporting an alliance using an integrative approach to the management of lymphedema in India. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2012;11(1):5–9.
Ota KS. Postmastectomy lymphedema: a call for osteopathic medical research. J Osteopath Med. 2006;106(3):110–1.
Bao T, Iris Zhi W, Vertosick EA, Li QS, DeRito J, Vickers A, et al. Acupuncture for breast cancer-related lymphedema: a randomized controlled trial. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2018;170(1):77–87.
Cassileth BR, Van Zee KJ, Yeung KS, Coleton MI, Cohen S, Chan YH, et al. Acupuncture in the treatment of upper-limb lymphedema: results of a pilot study. Cancer. 2013;119(13):2455–61.
Herpertz U. Erysipelas and lymphedema. Fortschr Med. 1998;116(12):36–40.
Masmoudi A, Maaloul I, Turki H, Elloumi Y, Marrekchi S, Bouassida S, et al. Erysipelas after breast cancer treatment (26 cases). Dermatol Online J. 2005;11(3):12.
Soo J, Bicanic T, Heenan S, Mortimer P. Lymphatic abnormalities demonstrated by lymphoscintigraphy after lower limb cellulitis. Br J Dermatol. 2008;158(6):1350–3.
Mitchell AJ, Ferguson DW, Gill J, Paul J, Symonds P. Depression and anxiety in long-term cancer survivors compared with spouses and healthy controls: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Oncol. 2013;14(8):721–32.
Mykletun AKA, Mathiesen KS. Psykiske lidelser i Norge: Et folkehelseperspektiv. Nasjonalt Folkehelseinstitutt. In: Rapport 2009:8 (Mental disorders in Norway: A public health perspective. Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Report 2009:8); 2009.
Pitman A, Suleman S, Hyde N, Hodgkiss A. Depression and anxiety in patients with cancer. BMJ. 2018;361:k1415. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k1415.
D'Silva S, Poscablo C, Habousha R, Kogan M, Kligler B. Mind-body medicine therapies for a range of depression severity: a systematic review. Psychosomatics. 2012;53(5):407–23.
Ando M, Morita T, Akechi T, Ito S, Tanaka M, Ifuku Y, et al. The efficacy of mindfulness-based meditation therapy on anxiety, depression, and spirituality in Japanese patients with cancer. J Palliat Med. 2009;12(12):1091–4.
Kim YH, Kim HJ, Do Ahn S, Seo YJ, Kim SH. Effects of meditation on anxiety, depression, fatigue, and quality of life of women undergoing radiation therapy for breast cancer. Complement Ther Med. 2013;21(4):379–87.
Lee M, Lee E, Ernst E. Massage therapy for breast cancer patients: a systematic review. Ann Oncol. 2011;22(6):1459–61.
Å leve med og etter kreft. En undersøkelse blant kreftpasienter og pårørende i Kreftforeningens brukerpanel. [Living with and after cancer. A survey among cancer patients and relatives in the Cancer Society's user panel] Oslo: The Norwegian Cancer Socienty; 2018 [cited 2022 April 7]. Available from: https://kreftforeningen.no/content/uploads/2019/04/Rehabiliteringsrapporten-2018_web.pdf.
Quandt SA, Verhoef MJ, Arcury TA, Lewith GT, Steinsbekk A, Kristoffersen AE, et al. Development of an international questionnaire to measure use of complementary and alternative medicine (I-CAM-Q). J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15(4):331–9.
Kristoffersen AE, Nilsen JV, Stub T, Nordberg JH, Wider B, Mora D, et al. Use of complementary and alternative medicine in the context of cancer; prevalence, reasons for use, disclosure, information received, risks and benefits reported by people with cancer in Norway. BMC Complement Med Ther. 2022;22(1):1–21.
Taherdoost H: Determining sample size; how to calculate survey sample size. International Journal of Economics and Management Systems 2017. ffhal-02557333f.
White A, Boon H, Alraek T, Lewith G, Liu J-P, Norheim A-J, et al. Reducing the risk of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): challenges and priorities. Eur J Integr Med. 2014;6(4):404–8.
Cramer H, Quinker D, Schumann D, Wardle J, Dobos G, Lauche R. Adverse effects of yoga: a national cross-sectional survey. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2019;19(1):1–10.
Goldberg SB, Lam SU, Britton WB, Davidson RJ. Prevalence of meditation-related adverse effects in a population-based sample in the United States. Psychother Res. 2021;32(3):291–305. https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2021.1933646.
Cambron JA, Dexheimer J, Coe P, Swenson R. Side-effects of massage therapy: a cross-sectional study of 100 clients. J Altern Complement Med. 2007;13(8):793–6.
Melchart D, Weidenhammer W, Streng A, Reitmayr S, Hoppe A, Ernst E, et al. Prospective investigation of adverse effects of acupuncture in 97 733 patients. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164(1):104–5.
Relaxation Techniques: What You Need To Know Maryland, USA: National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health; 2022 [cited 2022 April 13]. Available from: https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/relaxation-techniques-what-you-need-to-know#:~:text=Relaxation%20techniques%20are%20generally%20considered,or%20fear%20of%20losing%20control.
Mellblom AV, Kiserud CE, Rueegg CS, Ruud E, Loge JH, Fossa SD, et al. Self-reported late effects and long-term follow-up care among 1889 long-term Norwegian childhood, adolescent, and young adult Cancer survivors (the NOR-CAYACS study). Support Care Cancer. 2021;29(6):2947–57.
Klonoff-Cohen H, Polavarapu M. Existence of late-effects instruments for cancer survivors: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2020;15(2):e0229222.
Eustachi A, Pajtler H, Linde K, Melchart D, Weidenhammer W. Patients of an interdisciplinary cancer treatment center: use of, knowledge about, and demand for CAM treatment options. Integr Cancer Ther. 2009;8(1):56–62.
Salleh SNSM, Farooqui M, Gnanasan S, Karuppannan M. Use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) among Malaysian cancer patients for the management of chemotherapy related side effects (CRSE). J Complement Integr Med. 2021;18(4):805–12.
Keene MR, Heslop IM, Sabesan SS, Glass BD. Complementary and alternative medicine use in cancer: a systematic review. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2019;35:33–47.
Davis SR, Lijovic M, Fradkin P, Bradbury J, La China M, Schwarz M, et al. Use of complementary and alternative therapy by women in the first 2 years after diagnosis and treatment of invasive breast cancer. Menopause. 2010;17(5):1004–9.
Nakandi KS, Mora D, Stub T, Kristoffersen AE. Conventional health care service utilization among cancer survivors that visit traditional and complementary providers in the Tromsø study: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2022;22(53). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-07445-6.
Jaradat NA, Shawahna R, Eid AM, Al-Ramahi R, Asma MK, Zaid AN. Herbal remedies use by breast cancer patients in the West Bank of Palestine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;178:1–8.
Abuelgasim KA, Alsharhan Y, Alenzi T, Alhazzani A, Ali YZ, Jazieh AR. The use of complementary and alternative medicine by patients with cancer: a cross-sectional survey in Saudi Arabia. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018;18(1):1–8.
Al-Naggar RA, Bobryshev YV, Abdulghani M, Rammohan S, Osman MT, Kadir SYA. Complementary/alternative medicine use among cancer patients in Malaysia. World J Med Sci. 2013;8(2):157–64.
Rosenberg EI, Genao I, Chen I, Mechaber AJ, Wood JA, Faselis CJ, et al. Complementary and alternative medicine use by primary care patients with chronic pain. Pain Med. 2008;9(8):1065–72.
S3-Leitlinie Komplementärmedizin in der Behandlung von onkologischen PatientInnen Berlin, Germany 2021 [cited 2022 March 17]. Available from: https://www.leitlinienprogramm-onkologie.de/leitlinien/komplementaermedizin/.
Lyman GH, Greenlee H, Bohlke K, Bao T, DeMichele AM, Deng GE, et al. Integrative therapies during and after breast cancer treatment: ASCO endorsement of the SIO clinical practice guideline. J Clin Oncol. 2018;36(25):2647–55.
CAM Cancer. Complementary and Alternative medicine for Cancer Tromsø: NAFKAM; [cited 2022 May 5]. Available from: http://cam-cancer.org/en.
Reinertsen KV, Cvancarova M, Loge JH, Edvardsen H, Wist E, Fossa SD. Predictors and course of chronic fatigue in long-term breast cancer survivors. J Cancer Surviv. 2010;4(4):405–14.
Seland M, Holte H, Bjoro T, Schreiner T, Bollerslev J, Loge JH, et al. Chronic fatigue is prevalent and associated with hormonal dysfunction in long-term non-Hodgkin lymphoma survivors treated with radiotherapy to the head and neck region. Leuk Lymphoma. 2015;56(12):3306–14.
Vistad I, Fossa SD, Kristensen GB, Dahl AA. Chronic fatigue and its correlates in long-term survivors of cervical cancer treated with radiotherapy. BJOG. 2007;114(9):1150–8.
Pearson NJ, Johnson LL, Nahin RL. Insomnia, trouble sleeping, and complementary and alternative medicine: analysis of the 2002 national health interview survey data. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(16):1775–82.
Cheuk DK, Yeung WF, Chung K, Wong V. Acupuncture for insomnia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;9:CD005472.
Greenlee H, DuPont-Reyes MJ, Balneaves LG, Carlson LE, Cohen MR, Deng G, et al. Clinical practice guidelines on the evidence-based use of integrative therapies during and after breast cancer treatment. CA Cancer J Clin. 2017;67(3):194–232.
Samuel SR, Gururaj R, Kumar KV, Vira P, Saxena P, Keogh JWL. Randomized control trial evidence for the benefits of massage and relaxation therapy on sleep in cancer survivors—a systematic review. J Cancer Surviv. 2021;15(5):799–810.
Davidson JR, MacLean AW, Brundage MD, Schulze K. Sleep disturbance in cancer patients. Soc Sci Med. 2002;54(9):1309–21.
Savard J, Morin CM. Insomnia in the context of cancer: a review of a neglected problem. J Clin Oncol. 2001;19(3):895–908.
Pilkington K, Ernst E. Acupuncture for hot flushes. Tromsø: NAFKAM; 2021 [cited 2022 May 5]. Available from: https://cam-cancer.org/en/acupuncture-hot-flushes.
Carpenter JS, Andrykowski MA, Cordova M, Cunningham L, Studts J, McGrath P, et al. Hot flashes in postmenopausal women treated for breast carcinoma: prevalence, severity, correlates, management, and relation to quality of life. Cancer. 1998;82(9):1682–91.
Su HI, Sammel MD, Springer E, Freeman EW, DeMichele A, Mao JJ. Weight gain is associated with increased risk of hot flashes in breast cancer survivors on aromatase inhibitors. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2010;124(1):205–11.
Paice JA, Portenoy R, Lacchetti C, Campbell T, Cheville A, Citron M, et al. Management of chronic pain in survivors of adult cancers: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline. J Clin Oncol. 2016;34(27):3325–45.
Pilkington K. Acupuncture in cancer pain. Tromsø: NAFKAM; 2021 [cited 2022 May 5]. Available from: https://cam-cancer.org/en/acupuncture-cancer-pain.
Boland EG, Ahmedzai SH. Persistent pain in cancer survivors. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care. 2017;11(3):181–90.
Paice JA. Chronic treatment-related pain in cancer survivors. Pain. 2011;152(3):S84–9.
Kristoffersen AE, Stub T, Broderstad AR, Hansen AH. Use of traditional and complementary medicine among Norwegian cancer patients in the seventh survey of the Tromso study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2019;19(1):341.
The world medical association (WMA). Declaration of Helsinki - ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects 1964. Ferney-Voltaire: The World Medical Association; 2013.
Examples of activities that do not require approval from REC etikkom.no: REK Regional Committees for medical and health reseach ethics; 2012. Available from: https://helseforskning.etikkom.no/reglerogrutiner/soknadsplikt/sokerikkerek?p_dim=34999&_ikbLanguageCode=us.
Lov om helseregistre og behandling av helseopplysninger (helseregisterloven) [The Health Registry Act] lovdata.no2014. Available from: https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2014-06-20-43#KAPITTEL_2.