Yang WC, Hwang SJ, Chiang SS, Chen HF, Tsai ST. The impact of diabetes on economic costs in dialysis patients: experiences in Taiwan. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2001;54(Suppl 1):S47–54.
Ritz E, Orth SR. Nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med. 1999;341(15):1127–33.
Kuo HW, Tsai SS, Tiao MM, Yang CY. Epidemiological features of CKD in Taiwan. Am J Kidney Dis. 2007;49(1):46–55.
Tsai SY, Tseng HF, Tan HF, Chien YS, Chang CC. End-stage renal disease in Taiwan: a case-control study. J Epidemiol. 2009;19(4):169–76.
Yang WC, Hwang SJ. Taiwan Society of N: incidence, prevalence and mortality trends of dialysis end-stage renal disease in Taiwan from 1990 to 2001: the impact of national health insurance. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2008;23(12):3977–82.
Chang C, Lu F, Yang YC, Wu JS, Wu TJ, Chen MS, Chuang LM, Tai TY. Epidemiologic study of type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2000;50(Suppl 2):S49–59.
GBD 2015 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators. Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet. 2017;390(10091):36.
Lin MY, Chiu YW, Chang JS, Lin HL, Lee CT, Chiu GF, Kuo MC, Wu MT, Chen HC, Hwang SJ. Association of prescribed Chinese herbal medicine use with risk of end-stage renal disease in patients with chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int. 2015;88(6):1365–73.
Huang CY, Tsai YT, Lai JN, Hsu FL. Prescription pattern of chinese herbal products for diabetes mellitus in Taiwan: a population-based study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:201329.
Li X, Wang H. Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of chronic kidney disease. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2005;12(3):276–81.
Zhang J, Xie X, Li C, Fu P. Systematic review of the renal protective effect of Astragalus membranaceus (root) on diabetic nephropathy in animal models. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;126(2):189–96.
Li M, Wang W, Xue J, Gu Y, Lin S. Meta-analysis of the clinical value of Astragalus membranaceus in diabetic nephropathy. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;133(2):412–9.
Poon TY, Ong KL, Cheung BM. Review of the effects of the traditional Chinese medicine Rehmannia six formula on diabetes mellitus and its complications. J Diabetes. 2011;3(3):184–200.
Lee A-L, Chen B-C, Mou C-H, Sun M-F, Yen H-R. Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine Therapy and the risk of vascular complications in patients with type II diabetes mellitus: a Nationwide, retrospective, Taiwanese-registry, cohort study. Medicine. 2016;95(3):e2536.
Hsu PC, Tsai YT, Lai JN, Wu CT, Lin SK, Huang CY: Integrating traditional Chinese medicine healthcare into diabetes care by reducing the risk of developing kidney failure among type 2 diabetic patients: a population-based case control study. J Ethnopharmacol 2014, 156(0):358–364.
Noordzij M, Leffondré K, van Stralen KJ, Zoccali C, Dekker FW, Jager KJ. When do we need competing risks methods for survival analysis in nephrology? Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2013;28(11):2670–7.
Wen CP, Cheng TY, Tsai MK, Chang YC, Chan HT, Tsai SP, Chiang PH, Hsu CC, Sung PK, Hsu YH, et al. All-cause mortality attributable to chronic kidney disease: a prospective cohort study based on 462 293 adults in Taiwan. Lancet. 2008;371(9631):2173–82.
Lai MN, Lai JN, Chen PC, Hsieh SC, Hu FC, Wang JD. Risks of kidney failure associated with consumption of herbal products containing mu Tong or Fangchi: a population-based case-control study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;55(3):507–18.
Lai MN, Lai JN, Chen PC, Tseng WL, Chen YY, Hwang JS, Wang JD. Increased risks of chronic kidney disease associated with prescribed Chinese herbal products suspected to contain aristolochic acid. Nephrology (Carlton). 2009;14(2):227–34.
Hsieh C-F, Huang S-L, Chen C-L, Chen W-T, Chang H-C, Wu M-L, Yang C-C. Increased risk of chronic kidney disease among users of non-prescribed Chinese herbal medicine in Taiwan. Prev Med. 2012;55(2):155–9.
Hsieh CF, Huang SL, Chen CL, Chen WT, Chang HC, Yang CC. Non-aristolochic acid prescribed Chinese herbal medicines and the risk of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease: results from a population-based follow-up study. BMJ Open. 2014;4(2):e004033.
Yang HY, Chen PC, Wang JD. Chinese herbs containing aristolochic acid associated with renal failure and urothelial carcinoma: a review from epidemiologic observations to causal inference. Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:569325.
Chen YC, Wu JC, Haschler I, Majeed A, Chen TJ, Wetter T. Academic impact of a public electronic health database: bibliometric analysis of studies using the general practice research database. PLoS One. 2011;6(6):e21404.
Wu CY, Chen YJ, Ho HJ, Hsu YC, Kuo KN, Wu MS, Lin JT. Association between nucleoside analogues and risk of hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence following liver resection. JAMA. 2012;308(18):1906–14.
Chen HY, Lin YH, Wu JC, Chen YC, Thien PF, Chen TJ, Yang SH, Chen JL, Lo SS. Characteristics of pediatric traditional Chinese medicine users in Taiwan: a nationwide cohort study. Pediatrics. 2012;129(6):e1485–92.
Chen HY, Huang BS, Lin YH, Su IH, Yang SH, Chen JL, Huang JW, Chen YC. Identifying Chinese herbal medicine for premenstrual syndrome: implications from a nationwide database. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014;14(1):206.
Chen Y-C, Lin Y-H, Hu S, Chen H-Y. Characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine users and prescription analysis for pediatric atopic dermatitis: a population-based study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016;16(1):1–8.
National Kidney Foundation. KDOQI clinical practice guideline for diabetes and CKD: 2012 update. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012;60(5):850–86.
Lin CC, Chiang JH, Li CI, Liu CS, Lin WY, Hsieh TF, Li TC. Cancer risks among patients with type 2 diabetes: a 10-year follow-up study of a nationwide population-based cohort in Taiwan. BMC Cancer. 2014;14:381.
Lien HM, Chou SY, Liu JT. Hospital ownership and performance: evidence from stroke and cardiac treatment in Taiwan. J Health Econ. 2008;27(5):1208–23.
Charlson ME, Pompei P, Ales KL, MacKenzie CR. A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation. J Chronic Dis. 1987;40(5):373–83.
Young BA, Lin E, Von Korff M, Simon G, Ciechanowski P, Ludman EJ, Everson-Stewart S, Kinder L, Oliver M, Boyko EJ, et al. Diabetes complications severity index and risk of mortality, hospitalization, and healthcare utilization. Am J Manag Care. 2008;14(1):15–23.
Shih CJ, Chen HT, Kuo SC, Li SY, Lai PH, Chen SC, Ou SM, Chen YT. Comparative effectiveness of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers in patients with type 2 diabetes and retinopathy. CMAJ. 2016;188(8):E148–57.
Pan HH, Li CY, Chen TJ, Su TP, Wang KY. Association of polypharmacy with fall-related fractures in older Taiwanese people: age- and gender-specific analyses. BMJ Open. 2014;4(3):e004428.
Sedgwick P: What is recall bias? BMJ 2012, 344(may23 1):e3519-e3519.
Wu CS, Gau SS, Lai MS. Long-term antidepressant use and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a population-based, nested case-control study in Taiwan. J Clin Psychiatry. 2014;75(1):31–8 quiz 38.
Austin PC. Optimal caliper widths for propensity-score matching when estimating differences in means and differences in proportions in observational studies. Pharm Stat. 2011;10(2):150–61.
Curtis LH, Hammill BG, Eisenstein EL, Kramer JM, Anstrom KJ. Using inverse probability-weighted estimators in comparative effectiveness analyses with observational databases. Med Care. 2007;45(10 Supl 2):S103–7.
Liu X, Liu L, Chen P, Zhou L, Zhang Y, Wu Y, Jiang L, Cheng D, Huang W, Yi D. Clinical trials of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy--a systematic review based on a subgroup analysis. J Ethnopharmacol. 2014;151(2):810–9.
Lai MN, Wang SM, Chen PC, Chen YY, Wang JD. Population-based case-control study of Chinese herbal products containing aristolochic acid and urinary tract cancer risk. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010;102(3):179–86.
Chen B, Zhan H, Marszalek J, Chung M, Lin X, Zhang M, Pang J, Wang C. Traditional Chinese medications for knee osteoarthritis pain: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Chin Med. 2016;44(4):677–703.
Du GH, Yuan TY, Du LD, Zhang YX. The potential of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment and modulation of pain. Adv Pharmacol. 2016;75:325–61.
Pálsson R, Patel UD. Cardiovascular complications of diabetic kidney disease. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2014;21(3):273–80.
Hägg S, Thorn LM, Putaala J, Liebkind R, Harjutsalo V, Forsblom CM, Gordin D, Tatlisumak T, Groop P-H, On behalf of the FinnDiane study G. Incidence of stroke according to presence of diabetic nephropathy and severe diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(12):4140–6.
Cheung CY, Ma MKM, Chak WL, Tang SCW. Cancer risk in patients with diabetic nephropathy: a retrospective cohort study in Hong Kong. Medicine. 2017;96(38):e8077.
Liao YH, Lin CC, Lai HC, Chiang JH, Lin JG, Li TC. Adjunctive traditional Chinese medicine therapy improves survival of liver Cancer patients. Liver Int. 2015;35(12):2595–602.
Chang C-C, Chen T-L, Elley Chiu H, Hu C-J, Yeh C-C, Tsai C-C, Lane H-L, Sun M-F, Sung F-C, Liao C-C, et al. Outcomes after stroke in patients receiving adjuvant therapy with traditional Chinese medicine: a nationwide matched interventional cohort study. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;177:46–52.
Bahall M. Use of complementary and alternative medicine by patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis in Trinidad: a descriptive study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:250.
Chen IJ, Chang M-Y, Chiao S-L, Chen J-L, Yu C-C, Yang S-H, Liu J-M, Hung C-C, Yang R-C, Chang H-C, et al. Korean red ginseng improves blood pressure stability in patients with intradialytic hypotension. Evidence-Based Complement Altern Med: eCAM. 2012;2012:595271.
Remuzzi G, Macia M, Ruggenenti P. Prevention and treatment of diabetic renal disease in type 2 diabetes: the BENEDICT study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006;17(4 Suppl 2):S90–7.
Yang X, Zhang B, Lu X, Yan M, Wen Y, Zhao T, Li P. Effects of Tangshen formula on urinary and plasma liver-type fatty acid binding protein levels in patients with type 2 diabetic kidney disease: post-hoc findings from a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigating the efficacy and safety of Tangshen formula in patients with type 2 diabetic kidney disease. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016;16:246.