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Table 3 Effect of PEL on serum calcium, phosphate, BALP and osteocalcin levels

From: Effect of herbal extract Eurycoma longifolia (Physta®) on female reproductive hormones and bone biochemical markers: an ovariectomised rat model study

Groups Calcium (mg/dl) Phosphate (mg/dl) Bone Alkaline phosphatase (ng/ml) Osteocalcin (ng/ml)
Group A Sham control 9.05 ± 0.20 3.71 ± 0.14 3.43 ± 0.11 7.13 ± 0.34
Group B Untreated 7.86 ± 0.12### 2.83 ± 0.12### 2.54 ± 0.20### 7.86 ± 0.48
Group C 100 mg/kg 7.85 ± 0.12 2.83 ± 0.11 2.57 ± 0.04 7.89 ± 0.06
Group D 300 mg/kg 7.98 ± 0.11 2.89 ± 0.08 2.70 ± 0.11 7.79 ± 0.21
Group E 500 mg/kg 8.11 ± 0.11 3.01 ± 0.12 2.82 ± 0.10 7.52 ± 0.18
Group F Positive control 8.48 ± 0.16* 3.29 ± 0.13* 3.06 ± 0.12* 7.26 ± 0.20
  1. Data stated as mean ± SEM; ##P < 0.05, ##P < 0.01 and ###P < 0.001 vs. Group A; *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 and ***P < 0.001 vs. Group B