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Table 3 Major and minor compounds identified by GC-MS in the juniper extract (over 0.3% peak area)

From: Genoprotective, antioxidant, antifungal and anti-inflammatory evaluation of hydroalcoholic extract of wild-growing Juniperus communis L. (Cupressaceae) native to Romanian southern sub-Carpathian hills

No. Compound Retention time (min.) Peak area (%)
1 3-Carene 4.314 0.76
2 α-Pinene 4.508 12.84
3 β-Pinene 5.555 4.57
4 β-Myrcene 6.057 6.04
5 D-Limonene 7.299 1.64
6 Terpinolene 8.314 0.34
7 4-Carene 9.312 0.39
8 Terpinen-4-ol 13.370 1.45
9 α-Cubebene 20.063 0.46
10 Copaene 21.234 0.62
11 (−)-β-Elemene 21.912 1.53
12 Caryophyllene 23.035 1.82
13 γ-Elemene 23.552 2.12
14 α-Humulene 24.517 1.23
15 trans-β-Farnesene 24.632 0.87
16 Bicyclosesquiphellandrene 25.647 5.94
17 β-Selinene 25.890 0.31
18 α-Selinene 26.167 0.64
19 α-Muurolene 26.346 0.36
20 γ-Cadinene 26.892 0.43
21 β-Cadinene 27.150 2.12
22 Eremophilene 28.582 0.75
23 Germacrene D-4-ol 29.510 2.15
24 Juniper camphor 32.540 0.43
25 γ-Selinene 33.763 0.34
26 α,2,6,6-Tetramethyl-1-cyclohexene-1-methanol 35.481 0.87
27 Biformene 41.702 0.36
28 Verticiol 43.589 0.47
29 Manool 45.806 0.43
30 Sclarene 48.134 1.14
31 Isopimara-7,15-dien-3-one 49.885 3.93
32 Pimaric acid 53.226 25.70
TOTAL 83.05