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  1. Insulin sensitivity has been enhanced by electroacupuncture (EA) in rats, but the EA phenomenon in an insulin resistant state is still unclear. This study reports the use of a large dose of prednisolone to eva...

    Authors: Rong-Tsung Lin, Chung-Yuh Tzeng, Yu-Chen Lee, Wai-Jane Ho, Juei-Tang Cheng, Jaung-Geng Lin and Shih-Liang Chang
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:26
  2. Brazilian propolis type 6 (Atlantic forest, Bahia) is distinct from the other types of propolis especially due to absence of flavonoids and presence of other non-polar, long chain compounds, but presenting good i...

    Authors: Myrella Lessio Castro, Walquíria Ribeiro Vilela, Rogéria Cristina Zauli, Masaharu Ikegaki, Vera Lúcia Garcia Rehder, Mary Ann Foglio, Severino Matias de Alencar and Pedro Luiz Rosalen
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:25
  3. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a functional bowel disorder with symptoms of abdominal pain and disturbed defecation experienced by 10% of U.S. adults, results in significant disability, impaired quality of li...

    Authors: Susan A Gaylord, William E Whitehead, Rebecca S Coble, Keturah R Faurot, Olafur S Palsson, Eric L Garland, William Frey and John Douglas Mann
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:24
  4. Recently, natural products have been evaluated as sources of antimicrobial agents with efficacies against a variety of micro-organisms.

    Authors: Simon WJ Gould, Mark D Fielder, Alison F Kelly and Declan P Naughton
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:23
  5. Buddleja saligna Willd (Loganiaceae) is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree; trunk short, often gnarled and crooked; crown dense, rounded or domed-shaped; foliage greyish green. The wild olives are traditiona...

    Authors: Adeolu A Adedapo, Florence O Jimoh, Srinivas Koduru, Patrick J Masika and Anthony J Afolayan
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:21
  6. Liqi, an herbal preparation used in traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to treat cancer in China for centuries. We investigated the anti-tumor effects of liqi and their mechanisms in mice that had been x...

    Authors: Deng-Bo Ji, Jia Ye, Yi-Min Jiang and Bo-Wen Qian
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:20
  7. The potential contribution of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities to promote and support critical health literacy has not received substantial attention within either the health promotion o...

    Authors: Andrew F Long
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:19
  8. The extent to which a health care intervention causes or facilitates health-related change is a key question in research. The need to quantify such change has led to the development of an increasing number of ...

    Authors: Charlotte Paterson, Charlotte Baarts, Laila Launsø and Marja J Verhoef
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:18
  9. Human communities consistently develop a detailed knowledge of the therapeutical and medicinal properties of the local flora and fauna, and these folk remedies often substitute medicines produced by the pharma...

    Authors: Felipe S Ferreira, Samuel V Brito, Samuel C Ribeiro, Antônio AF Saraiva, Waltécio O Almeida and Rômulo RN Alves
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:17
  10. Bach Flower Remedies are thought to help balance emotional state and are commonly recommended by practitioners for psychological problems and pain. We assessed whether Bach Flower Remedies (BFRs) are safe and ...

    Authors: Kylie Thaler, Angela Kaminski, Andrea Chapman, Tessa Langley and Gerald Gartlehner
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:16
  11. Angiogenesis, a complex multistep process that comprehends proliferation, migration and anastomosis of endothelial cells (EC), has a major role in the development of pathologic conditions such as inflammatory ...

    Authors: Flávia CM Lopes, Ana Rocha, Ana Pirraco, Luis O Regasini, Dulce HS Silva, Vanderlan S Bolzani, Isabel Azevedo, Iracilda Z Carlos and Raquel Soares
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:15
  12. Between 7% and 48% of cancer patients report taking herbal medicines after diagnosis. Because of the possibility of unwanted side effects or interactions with conventional treatments, people with cancer are ge...

    Authors: Christine Gratus, Sue Wilson, Sheila M Greenfield, Sarah L Damery, Sally A Warmington, Robert Grieve, Neil M Steven and Philip Routledge
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:14
  13. Staphylococcus genus is widely spread in nature being part of the indigenous microbiota of skin and mucosa of animal and birds. Some Staphylococcus species are frequently recognized as etiological agents of many...

    Authors: Henrique DM Coutinho, José GM Costa, Edeltrudes O Lima, Vivyanne S Falcão-Silva and José P Siqueira Júnior
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:13
  14. Qi vacuity (QV) is defined by traditional Chinese medicine as a loss of energy in the human body. An objective method for detecting QV was not available until recently, however. The automatic reflective diagno...

    Authors: Ming-Feng Chen, Hsi-Ming Yu, Shu-Fang Li and Ta-Jung You
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:12
  15. The efficacy of natural products (NPs) is being evaluated using randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with increasing frequency, yet a search of the literature did not identify a widely accepted critical apprais...

    Authors: Tannis Jurgens, Anne Marie Whelan, Melissa MacDonald and Lindsay Lord
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:11
  16. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used throughout the UK and the Western world. CAM is commonly used for children and the decision-making process to use CAM is affected by numerous factors...

    Authors: Ava Lorenc, Yael Ilan-Clarke, Nicola Robinson and Mitch Blair
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:9
  17. Considerable interest has been aroused in recent years by the well-known notion that biological systems are sensitive to visible light. With clinical applications of visible radiation in the far-red to near-in...

    Authors: Alessandro Giuliani, Luca Lorenzini, Michele Gallamini, Alessandro Massella, Luciana Giardino and Laura Calzà
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:8
  18. Recent years have witnessed that there is a revival of interest in drug discovery from medicinal plants for the maintenance of health in all parts of the world. The aim of this work was to investigate 26 plant...

    Authors: Ramzi A Mothana, Ulrike Lindequist, Renate Gruenert and Patrick J Bednarski
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:7
  19. Originating from Africa, India, and the Middle East, frankincense oil has been important both socially and economically as an ingredient in incense and perfumes for thousands of years. Frankincense oil is prep...

    Authors: Mark Barton Frank, Qing Yang, Jeanette Osban, Joseph T Azzarello, Marcia R Saban, Ricardo Saban, Richard A Ashley, Jan C Welter, Kar-Ming Fung and Hsueh-Kung Lin
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:6
  20. The aim of this study was to review evaluations and audits of primary care complementary therapy services to determine the impact of these services on improving health outcomes and reducing NHS costs. Our inte...

    Authors: Lesley Wye, Deborah Sharp and Alison Shaw
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:5
  21. Bee products (including propolis, royal jelly, and bee pollen) are popular, traditional health foods. We compared antioxidant effects among water and ethanol extracts of Brazilian green propolis (WEP or EEP), ...

    Authors: Yoshimi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Satoshi Mishima and Hideaki Hara
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:4
  22. Alternative treatments are commonly used for various disorders and often taken on-demand. On-demand treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with pharmaceutical products is an established, cost-effe...

    Authors: Per G Farup, Mathis Heibert and Victor Høeg
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:3
  23. Several in vitro studies have looked at the effect of medicinal plant extracts against Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Regardless of the popular use of Byrsonima crassa (B. crassa) as antiemetic, diuretic, febri...

    Authors: Cibele Bonacorsi, Maria Stella G Raddi, Iracilda Z Carlos, Miriam Sannomiya and Wagner Vilegas
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:2
  24. Estimating a realistic effect size is an important issue in the planning of clinical studies of complementary and alternative medicine therapies. When a minimally important difference is not available, researc...

    Authors: Michael F Johnston, Ron D Hays and Ka-Kit Hui
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:1
  25. The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is on the increase globally with a high prevalence in children and adults with chronic illnesses. Many studies have evaluated the epidemiology of medicin...

    Authors: Kazeem A Oshikoya, Idowu O Senbanjo, Olisamedua F Njokanma and Ayo Soipe
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:66
  26. Punica granatum L. or pomegranates, have been reported to have antimicrobial activity against a range of Gram positive and negative bacteria. Pomegranate formulations containing ferrous salts have enhanced altho...

    Authors: Erin M McCarrell, Simon WJ Gould, Mark D Fielder, Alison F Kelly, Waffa El Sankary and Declan P Naughton
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:64
  27. Many diseases are associated with oxidative stress caused by free radicals. Current research is directed towards finding naturally-occurring antioxidants of plant origin. The aim of the present study was to ev...

    Authors: Bibhabasu Hazra, Santanu Biswas and Nripendranath Mandal
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:63
  28. Mosquitoes are associated with the transmission of malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, filariasis and other viral diseases throughout the globe, apart from being a nuisance pest. Biological control alone o...

    Authors: Nandita Chowdhury, Subrata Laskar and Goutam Chandra
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:62
  29. Anthroposophic medicine offers a variety of treatments, among others the oil-dispersion bath, developed in the 1930s by Werner Junge. Based on the phenomenon that oil and water do not mix and on recommendation...

    Authors: Arndt Büssing, Dirk Cysarz, Friedrich Edelhäuser, Gudrun Bornhöft, Peter F Matthiessen and Thomas Ostermann
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:61
  30. There is ethnopharmacological evidence that Petiveria alliacea can have antitumor activity; however, the mechanism of its cytotoxic activity is not well understood. We assessed multiple in vitro biological activi...

    Authors: Claudia Urueña, Claudia Cifuentes, Diana Castañeda, Amparo Arango, Punit Kaur, Alexzander Asea and Susana Fiorentino
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:60
  31. Osteoclasts (OCs) are involved in rheumatoid arthritis and in several pathologies associated with bone loss. Recent results support the concept that some medicinal plants and derived natural products are of gr...

    Authors: Letizia Penolazzi, Ilaria Lampronti, Monica Borgatti, Mahmud Tareq Hassan Khan, Margherita Zennaro, Roberta Piva and Roberto Gambari
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:59
  32. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a complementary and alternative medical system in Western countries, has been used to treat various diseases over thousands of years in East Asian countries. In recent years...

    Authors: Yu-Ching Fang, Hsuan-Cheng Huang, Hsin-Hsi Chen and Hsueh-Fen Juan
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:58
  33. The leaves and the fruits from Syzygium jambolanum DC.(Myrtaceae), a plant known in Brazil as sweet olive or 'jambolão', have been used by native people to treat infectious diseases, diabetes, and stomachache. Si...

    Authors: Márcia CG Maciel, Jardel C Farias, Michele J Maluf, Eliane A Gomes, Paulo VS Pereira, Walmir C Aragão-Filho, Josias B Frazão, Graciomar C Costa, Sanara M Sousa, Lucilene A Silva, Flávia MM Amaral, Momtchilo Russo, Rosane NM Guerra and Flávia RF Nascimento
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:57
  34. Recurrent otitis media is a common problem in young children. Echinacea and osteopathic manipulative treatment have been proposed as preventive measures, but have been inadequately studied. This study was desi...

    Authors: Richard A Wahl, Michael B Aldous, Katherine A Worden and Kathryn L Grant
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:56
  35. Among the naturally occurring compounds, turmeric from the dried rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa has long been used extensively as a condiment and a household remedy all over Southeast Asia. Turmeric contains ...

    Authors: Preeti Dohare, Puja Garg, Uma sharma, NR Jagannathan and Madhur Ray
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:55
  36. Acokanthera oppositifolia Lam (family: Apocynaceae) is a shrub or small tree with white latex, and the leaves of this plant are used in the form of a snuff to treat headaches and in infusions for abdominal pains...

    Authors: Adeolu A Adedapo, Florence O Jimoh, Anthony J Afolayan and Patrick J Masika
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:54
  37. In South Africa, Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth is used to destroy lice and to relieve itches, to destroy maggots and to treat allergic rashes, particularly those caused by caterpillars. Antioxidants play an import...

    Authors: Adeolu A Adedapo, Florence O Jimoh, Srinivas Koduru, Anthony J Afolayan and Patrick J Masika
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:53
  38. This study is part of a nationwide evaluation of complementary medicine in Switzerland (Programme Evaluation of Complementary Medicine PEK) and was funded by the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health. The main...

    Authors: Florica Marian, Kerstin Joost, Krishan D Saini, Klaus von Ammon, André Thurneysen and André Busato
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:52
  39. Soft tissue injury imposes major public health burdens worldwide. The positive effect of China's Tibetan medicine and the Lamiophlomis rotata-based herbal Pain Relieving Plaster (PRP) on healing closed soft tissu...

    Authors: Yong-Zhi Wang, Chun-Yu Guo, Hong-Gang Zhong, Wan-Nian Zhang, De-Long Wang, Xuan Wang and Fu-Hui Dong
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:51
  40. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is prevalent among HIV-infected patients to reduce the toxicity of antiretroviral therapy. Ginseng has been used for treatment of hyperglycemia and insulin resi...

    Authors: Adriana SA Andrade, Craig Hendrix, Teresa L Parsons, Benjamin Caballero, Chun-Su Yuan, Charles W Flexner, Adrian S Dobs and Todd T Brown
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:50
  41. We previously hypothesized that achievement of recovery of brain function after the injury requires the reconstruction of neuronal networks, including neurite regeneration and synapse reformation. Kihi-to is c...

    Authors: Chihiro Tohda, Rie Naito and Eri Joyashiki
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:49
  42. While the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among cancer patients is common and widespread, levels of commitment to CAM vary. "Committed" CAM use is important to investigate, as it may be ass...

    Authors: Johanna Hök, Carol Tishelman, Alexander Ploner, Anette Forss and Torkel Falkenberg
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:48
  43. Coronary heart disease patients have to learn to manage their condition to maximise quality of life and prevent recurrence or deterioration. They may develop their own informal methods of self-management in ad...

    Authors: Sheila Greenfield, Helen Pattison and Kate Jolly
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:47
  44. Functional Bowel Disorders (FBD) are chronic disorders that are difficult to treat and manage. Many patients and doctors are dissatisfied with the level of improvement in symptoms that can be achieved with sta...

    Authors: Miranda AL van Tilburg, Olafur S Palsson, Rona L Levy, Andrew D Feld, Marsha J Turner, Douglas A Drossman and William E Whitehead
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:46
  45. Evidence-based practice (EBP) has become an important competency in many allied and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) health care practitioners' professional standards of proficiency.

    Authors: Julie Hadley, Ismail Hassan and Khalid S Khan
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:45
  46. The use of animal products in healing is an ancient and widespread cross-cultural practice. In northeastern Brazil, especially in the semi-arid region, animals and plants are widely used in traditional medicin...

    Authors: Rômulo RN Alves, Helenice N Lima, Marília C Tavares, Wedson MS Souto, Raynner RD Barboza and Alexandre Vasconcellos
    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:44