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Table 3 Results of the outcome variables (n = 8)

From: Stay mindfully active during the coronavirus pandemic: a feasibility study of mHealth-delivered mindfulness yoga program for people with Parkinson’s disease

Outcome T0, Mean (SD) T1, Mean (SD) Change (95% CI) P Value
ABC-ON § 87.07 (10.56) 85.30 (10.27) 3.63 (-3.73 to 11.00) .28
ABC-OFF§ 61.72 (13.55) 74.94 (18.64) -13.22 (-32.09 to 5.65) .14
BBS § 50.00 (2.20) 55.13 (1.73) -5.13 (-6.61 to -3.61)  < .001
MDS-UPDRS III* 25.25 (5.90) 12.63 (4.50) 12.63 (6.52 to 18.73) .002
FOGQ 12.38 (5.04) 11.00 (4.24) 1.38 (-1.11 to 3.86) .23
HADS-anxiety 12.75 (2.77) 3.75 (2.82) 9.00 (4.64 to 13.36) .002
HADS-depression 8.88 (2.03) 5.25 (3.73) 3.63 (0.31 to 6.94) .04
FFMQ-Total     .82
FFMQ-Observing 14.13 (4.26) 13.38 (3.66) 0.75 (-1.43 to 2.93) .44
FFMQ-Describing 16.50 (2.14) 14.13 (3.18) 2.38 (-1.17 to 5.92) .16
FFMQ-Acting with awareness 14.37 (3.62) 15.13 (2.23) -0.75 (-3.46 to 1.96) .53
FFMQ-Non-judgment 10.13 (3.60) 12.38 (2.00) -2.25 (-4.56 to 0.06) .055
FFMQ-Non-reaction 15.38 (2.13) 14.75 (1.39) 0.63 (-1.47 to 2.72) .50
PDQ-8 summary index 24.22 (14.05) 23.44 (11.93) 0.78 (-6.96 to 8.53) .82
  1. Abbreviations ABC, Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale percentage confidence; on, on medication state; off, off medication state, BBS, Berg Balance Scale, FFMQ, Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire; FOGQ, Freezing of Gait Questionnaire, HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, MDS-UPDRS III, Movement Disorders Society United Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale, Part III (excluded item 3.3 and 3.12 due to virtual assessment), PDQ-8, 8-item Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire. All assessments were conducted virtually via Zoom at baseline (T0) and immediately post-intervention (T1). §an negative change score indicates improvement