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Table 3 Factors affecting answering the question “Have you ever used before or are you still using at least one of the aforementioned CAM approaches regarding your current disease?”

From: Complementary medicine in Germany: a multi-centre cross-sectional survey on the usage by and the needs of patients hospitalized in university medical centers

Parameter Distribution Regression coefficient Standard error p Odds ratio 95%-Confidence Interval
Lower Upper
Age 0.011 0.009 0.208 1.011 0.994 1.028
< 60 years of age 49% −0.079 0.260 0.761 0.924 0.555 1.538
> 60 years of age 51% Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
Sex
 Male 49% 0.249 0.173 0.149 1.283 0.915 1.799
 Female 51% Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
Department
 Cardiology 17% 0.740 0.254 0.004 2.095 1.273 3.450
 Gastroenterology 23% Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Gynaecology 19% 0.511 0.271 0.059 1.667 0.981 2.833
 Oncology 24% 0.130 0.245 0.595 1.139 0.704 1.843
 Surgery 17% 0.435 0.252 0.084 1.545 0.943 2.530
Survey location
 Freiburg 31% −0.302 0.200 0.130 0.739 0.500 1.093
 Heidelberg 27% Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Tübingen 16% 0.218 0.249 0.383 1.243 0.763 2.027
 Ulm 26% 0.640 0.216 0.003 1.896 1.241 2.898
Cancer
 Yes 40% −0.007 0.191 0.969 0.993 0.683 1.1443
 No 60% Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
Nationality
 German 94% 0.915 0.347 0.008 2.496 1.264 4.927
 Other 6% Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
  1. Multiple logistic regression (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.084; H = 0.336), highest sample-size group was chosen as reference. Only patients for whom a complete data set was available were evaluated (n = 762). Patients in Heidelberg used CAM more frequently than patients from Ulm (51 vs. 36%). The CAM usage was significantly more frequent in patients of German nationality than in patients of other nationalities (49 vs. 28%). Patients hospitalized at the department of gastroenterology had a higher CAM usage frequency than cardiologic patients (54 vs. 39%).