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Table 1 Comparison of demographic situation and description about each foothill village

From: Traditional medicinal knowledge and practices among the tribal communities of Thakht-e-Sulaiman Hills, Pakistan

Village name Payor Mela Landi Kutherzai Zindawar Jatty Ghbaz Kurachai
Village size (No. of families) 36 55 21 42 25
Sample size (No. of informants) 22 35 11 25 12
Informants age (mean ± SD) 43.54 ± 16.38 39.72 ± 15.94 45 ± 15.11 39.65 ± 12.38 35.83 ± 9.73
Number of family members (mean ± SD) 14.92 ± 5.64 12.44 ± 6.65 15.67 ± 6.38 14.75 ± 6.25 10 ± 2.48
Migration ratio (%) 50
(to mountains)
61
(to mountains)
50
(Within foothills)
38
(Within foothills)
0
Bilingualism (%) 54 25 1 24 8
Average/month/head expenditure (in PKR; ±SD)1) 931 ± 212 1063 ± 370 941 ± 194 1166 ± 537 1420 ± 457
Dependency on livestock as a source of income2) 75% 64% 87% 55% 67%
Dependency on Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) as a source of income2) 24% 39% 25% 24% 8%
Elevation (meters above sea level) 1116 1052 1146 1155 1184
Population density Moderate Densely populated Less populated Moderate Densely populated
Vegetation cover Moderate Thin vegetation Dense vegetation Above moderate Thin vegetation
Soil type Mostly stony Clay soil Diverse types of soil Mostly stony Totally stony
  1. 1) 1 PKR = 0.009527 USD (December 31, 2015)
  2. 2) 75% dependency on livestock means that 75% of the households depend on livestock as their main income source. Similarly, 24% dependency on NTFPs mean that 24% of households depend on selling NTFPs as main income source