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Table 3 The counts of E.coil, Enterococcus, Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria in cecum

From: Tannins extract from Galla Chinensis can protect mice from infection by Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli O101

Group Day 4 Day 7
E.coil Enterococcus Lactobacilli Bifidobacteria E.coil Enterococcus Lactobacilli Bifidobacteria
Normal 5.45 ± 0.10 ** 5.21 ± 0.17 8.19 ± 0.08 8.34 ± 0.13 5.55 ± 0.17 ** 5.27 ± 0.29 * 8.76 ± 0.49 * 8.87 ± 0.30 *
Negative control 9.00 ± 0.09 5.96 ± 0.61 8.55 ± 0.46 8.38 ± 0.91 7.24 ± 0.56 6.07 ± 0.47 7.77 ± 0.38 8.01 ± 0.62
Loperamide 7.27 ± 0.67 ** 5.83 ± 0.57 8.83 ± 0.25 8.30 ± 0.93 6.20 ± 0.84 ** 5.93 ± 0.38 9.61 ± 0.28 ** 9.40 ± 0.32 **
GOS 5% 8.40 ± 0.34 *a 6.29 ± 0.61 8.33 ± 0.80 8.40 ± 0.54 5.38 ± 0.13 **a 5.36 ± 0.32 * 9.03 ± 0.50 ** 9.35 ± 0.38 **
GOS 10% 7.44 ± 0.32 **b 6.13 ± 0.67 9.02 ± 0.36 9.54 ± 0.31 5.56 ± 0.38 **a 5.31 ± 0.32 * 8.89 ± 1.02 * 9.74 ± 0.30 **
GOS 15% 8.15 ± 0.26 **a 6.26 ± 0.30 8.93 ± 0.59 9.64 ± 0.44 6.43 ± 0.34 *b 5.94 ± 0.60 * 9.31 ± 0.51 ** 10.15 ± 0.55 **
  1. Normal, the uninfected-untreated control. Negative control, the infected-untreated control. Loperamide, the infected group with Loperamide-treatment (10 mg/kg). The 5, 10 and 15% GOS were the infected groups treated with corresponding concentration of GOS at a dose of 10 mL/kg, respectively. * P < 0.05 and ** P < 0.01, compared with the negative control. a, b Different letters indicate significant differences existed among the three GOS groups (P < 0.05). Data are presented as mean ± S.E.M, n = 6