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Table 3 Ingredients of Ayurvedic supplements

From: Case series and review of Ayurvedic medication induced liver injury

Patient 1 Patient 2 Patient 3
Giloy Kwath Manjishthadi Kwatham Aragwadhadi Kwatham Kanchnar Guggulu [29]
Tinospora cordifoliaa [17, 23, 27] Acacia catechua [17, 20] Alstonia scholaris Bauhinia variegataa [29]
  Acorus calamusa [27] Andrographis paniculatea [27] Cinnamomum tamalaa [17, 27, 29]
  Azadirachta indicaa [23, 27, 30] Azadirachta indicaa [23, 27, 30] Cinnamomum veruma [17, 29]
  Cassia fistula Bridelia stipularis Commiphora wightii
  Cedrus deodaraa [17, 29] Butea monosperma Crataeva nurvalaa [29]
  Chonemorpha fragrans Calycopteris floribunda Elettaria cardamomuma [17, 27, 29]
  Citrullus colocynthis Cassia fistula Embelica officinalisa [23, 27, 29]
  Clerodendrum serratuma [17] Cyclea peltataa [27] Piper longuma [17, 23, 27, 29]
  Crataeva magna Holarrhena antidysentericaa [23, 29] Piper nigruma [27, 29]
  Cullen corylifolium Marsdenia tenacissimaa [27] Terminalia belericaa [29]
  Curcuma longaa [27, 29] Monringa oleifera Terminalia chebulaa [23, 27, 29]
  Cyclea peltatea [27] Plumbago zeylanicaa [17, 27, 29] Zingiber officinalea [19, 20, 27]
  Cyperus rotundusa [17, 29] Pongamia glabra  
  Eclipta prostrata Stereospermuum suaveolensa [27]  
  Embelia ribesa [23, 27, 29] Strobilanthes ciliatus  
  Embelica officinalisa [23, 27, 29] Tephrosia purpureaa [23]  
  Gentiana kurroo Tinospora cordifoliaa [17, 23, 27]  
  Hemidesmus indicusa [27] Trichosanthes cucumerina  
  Holarrhena pubescens Trichosanthes tricuspidata  
  Holoptelia integrifolia   
  Ichnocarpus frutescens   
  Justicia beddomei   
  Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora   
  Oldenlandia corymbosa   
  Operculina turpethuma [17, 27, 29]   
  Pavoni odorata   
  Psoralea corylifoliaa [20, 21]   
  Phyllanthus emblicaa [17, 27]   
  Piper longuma [17, 23, 27, 29]   
  Plectranthus vettiveroides   
  Pterocarpus marsupiuma [17]   
  Rubia cordifoliaa [17]   
  Santalum albuma [17]   
  Streblus asper   
  Swertia chirayita   
  Tamarindus indica   
  Terminalia belericaa [27]   
  Terminalia chebulaa [22, 27, 29]   
  Tinospora cordifoliaa [17, 23, 27]   
  Tragia involucrataa [17, 27]   
  Trichosanthes cucumerina   
  Zingiber officinalea [19, 20, 27]   
  1. a refers to herbs found to be a component of a compound previously associated with AM-induced liver injury