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Table 2 Preliminary phytochemical screening of some traditional medicinal plants, KMU, 2020

From: Antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants used for urinary tract infections in pastoralist community in Ethiopia

Scientific name (parts) Solvent used Major phytochemicals in crude extract of medicinal plants
Saponin Tannins Alkaloids Terpenoids Anthraquinone Flavonoids Phenolic Cardiac glycoside
C. englerianum (fruit) Methanol + ++ +++ + + +++ +++ ++
Aqueous ++ ++ + + +++ ++
E. depauperata
(Bark)
Methanol +++ ++ + + +++ + +
Aqueous ++ + ++ ++ ++
L. adoensis
(Leaf)
Methanol ++ + +++ + +++ ++ +
Aqueous + + + ++ + +
D.penninervium
(Leaf)
Methanol +++ + +++ + ++ +++ ++
Aqueous + +++ ++ + ++ + +
C. pustulatus
(Root)
Methanol + ++ ++ + ++ +
Aqueous + _ + + + + ++
R. abyssinicus
(Root)
Methanol ++ + + ++ +++ + ++
Aqueous +++ + ++ + ++ ++ +
  1. +++ = Appreciable amount, ++ = Moderate amount, + = Trace amount, − = Not detected
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