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Table 3 Zones of inhibition (mm) by AFCs, TEO and AVG against pathogenic fungi at 10.0 mg/ml of each tested agent

From: Synergistic antifungal evaluation of over-the-counter antifungal creams with turmeric essential oil or Aloe vera gel against pathogenic fungi

Isolates Clotrimazole Fluconazole Ketoconazole Terbinafine TEO AVG
Candida tropicalis (ATCC 66029) 10.6 ± 0.2 a 8.0 ± 0.0 b 11.0 ± 0.0a 8.0 ± 0.1 b 10.0 ± 0.1 a 8.3 ± 0.0 b
Candida albicans 5.3 ± 0.0 c 7.0 ± 0.6 b 9.0 ± 0.0 a 9.3 ± 0.0 a 5.0 ± 0.0 c 9.7 ± 0.1 a
Penicillium notatum 11.6 ± 0.1 a 11.3 ± 0.6 a 7.0 ± 0.3 b 10.7 ± 0.3 a 10.0 ± 0.3 a 10.0 ± 0.0 a
Aspergillus fumigatus 8.0 ± 0.0 b 6.0 ± 0.0 c 5.0 ± 0.0 c 11.0 ± 0.0 a 9.2 ± 0.0 ab 10.0 ± 0.0 a
Aspergillus niger 11.0 ± 0.2 a 8.0 ± 0.0 c 7.3 ± 0.1 c 10.0 ± 0.0 ab 8.3 ± 0.0 c 12.7 ± 0.2 a
Aspergillus flavus 10.6 ± 0.2 b 9.0 ± 0.5 bc 6.0 ± 0.0 d 14.0 ± 0.0 a 11.0 ± 0.0 b 8.0 ± 0.0 c
Trichophyton rubrum 5.0 ± 0.0 c 5.3 ± 0.0 c 10.3 ± 0.1b 14.3 ± 0.2 a 10.3 ± 0.2 b 11.7 ± 0.3 b
Trichophyton violceum 8.0 ± 0.1 b 6.0 ± 0.0 c 11.3 ± 0.0 a 10.6 ± 0.3 a 10.6 ± 0.3 a 8.7 ± 0.1 b
Trichophyton mentagrophytes 8.3 ± 0.0 b 5.0 ± 0.0 d 8.0 ± 0.0 b 12.7 ± 0.3 a 7.9 ± 0.0 bc 9.0 ± 0.5 b
  1. Value are mean ± SD of replicates (n = 3). Values with the same superscript alphabet along row are not significantly different from each other when P < 0.05
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