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Fig. 5 | BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies

Fig. 5

From: Fermentation of Panax notoginseng root extract polysaccharides attenuates oxidative stress and promotes type I procollagen synthesis in human dermal fibroblast cells

Fig. 5

Effects of different concentrations of FPNP on H2O2-induced changes of mRNA expression of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway-related genes including Smad2(a), Smad3(b), Smad4(c), TGF-β(d) and Smad7(b) in HDFs cells pretreated with different concentrations of FPNP, and each mRNA is normalized to ribosomal protein GAPDH and expressed relative to the control level

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