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Table 1 Characteristics of outpatient visits of pediatric AURI patients in 2015–2017

From: Characteristics of prescriptions and costs for acute upper respiratory tract infections in Chinese outpatient pediatric patients: a nationwide cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total 2015 2016 2017
(N = 1,002,687) (N = 326,617) (N = 357,366) (N = 318,704)
Sex (n, %)
 Male 556,797 (55.5%) 182,885 (56.0%) 198,389 (55.5%) 175,523 (55.1%)
 Female 445,890 (44.5%) 143,732 (44.0%) 158,977 (44.5%) 143,181 (44.9%)
Age (n, %)
 ≤ 28 days 1503 (0.1%) 469 (0.1%) 575 (0.2%) 459 (0.1%)
 > 28 days and < 1 year 78,274 (7.8%) 29,428 (9.0%) 24,848 (7.0%) 23,998 (7.5%)
 1–4 years old 509,471 (50.8%) 172,800 (52.9%) 182,607 (51.1%) 154,064 (48.3%)
 5–14 years old 413,439 (41.2%) 123,920 (37.9%) 149,336 (41.8%) 140,183 (44.0%)
Economic region (n, %)
 Northeast 115,570 (11.5%) 38,762 (11.9%) 43,132 (12.1%) 33,676 (10.6%)
 East 618,017 (61.6%) 202,141 (61.9%) 225,812 (63.2%) 190,064 (59.6%)
 Central 106,459 (10.6%) 37,065 (11.3%) 35,981 (10.1%) 33,413 (10.5%)
 West 162,641 (16.2%) 48,649 (14.9%) 52,441 (14.7%) 61,551 (19.3%)
Type of health insurance or health care plan (n, %)
 URBMI 178,917 (17.8%) 49,019 (15.0%) 64,993 (18.2%) 64,905 (20.4%)
 NRCMS 5274 (0.5%) 1501 (0.5%) 1978 (0.6%) 1795 (0.6%)
 CHI 472 (0.0%) 193 (0.1%) 146 (0.0%) 133 (0.0%)
 WHC 6458 (0.6%) 2397 (0.7%) 2298 (0.6%) 1763 (0.6%)
 PHC 141,413 (14.1%) 40,030 (12.3%) 46,172 (12.9%) 55,211 (17.3%)
 OOP 660,292 (65.9%) 229,749 (70.3%) 238,004 (66.6%) 192,539 (60.4%)
 Others 9861 (1.0%) 3728 (1.1%) 3775 (1.1%) 2358 (0.7%)
Type of the consultation (n, %)
 General consultation 337,423 (33.7%) 109,376 (33.5%) 119,134 (33.3%) 108,913 (34.2%)
 Expert consultation 228,325 (22.8%) 80,719 (24.7%) 83,961 (23.5%) 63,645 (20.0%)
 General consultation in ED 367,579 (36.7%) 115,947 (35.5%) 128,739 (36.0%) 122,893 (38.6%)
 Expert consultation in ED 69,360 (6.9%) 20,575 (6.3%) 25,532 (7.1%) 23,253 (7.3%)
Classification of AURI (n, %)
 Acute nasopharyngitis 1094 (0.1%) 268 (0.1%) 452 (0.1%) 374 (0.1%)
 Acute sinusitis 3867 (0.4%) 1213 (0.4%) 1262 (0.4%) 1392 (0.4%)
 Acute pharyngitis 57,775 (5.8%) 18,331 (5.6%) 19,875 (5.5%) 19,569 (6.1%)
 Acute tonsillitis 137,128 (13.7%) 40,537 (12.4%) 48,642 (13.6%) 47,949 (15.0%)
 Acute laryngitis, tracheitis & epiglottitis a 70,919 (7.1%) 22,489 (6.9%) 25,707 (7.2%) 22,723 (7.1%)
 Unspecified AURI 731,904 (73.0%) 243,779 (74.6%) 261,428 (73.2%) 226,697 (71.1%)
  1. URBMI Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance, NRCMS New Rural Cooperative Medical System, CHI Commercial Health Insurance, WHC Welfare Health Care, PHC Preferential Health Care, OOP Out-of-pocket Payment, ED Emergency department, AURI Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
  2. aThis group comprised the patients with the diagnosis of “acute laryngitis and tracheitis(J04)” and “acute obstructive laryngitis and epiglottitis (J05)”