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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of patients with hypertension (HTN) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by CAM use

From: Factors associated with the use of complementary and alternative therapies among patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Western Jamaica: a cross-sectional study

Variables All (n = 345) HTN
(n = 311)
T2DM
(n = 130)
Used CAM
247 (79.4)
Did not use CAM
64 (20.6)
p-value† Used CAM
85 (65.4)
Did not use CAM
45 (34.6)
p-value†
Age (years)     0.116    0.052
 18–49 85 (24.9) 64 (26.1) 9 (14.3)   17 (20.2) 7 (15.6)  
 50–59 80 (23.5) 55 (22.5) 14 (22.2)   25 (29.8) 6 (13.3)  
  ≥ 60 176 (51.6) 126 (51.4) 40 (63.5)   42 (50.0) 32 (71.1)  
Sex     0.063    0.526
 Male 81 (23.5) 50 (20.3) 20 (31.3)   22 (25.9) 14 (31.1)  
 Female 263 (76.5) 196 (79.7) 44 (68.8)   63 (74.1) 31 (68.9)  
Parish     0.678    0.626
 Hanover 21 (6.1) 14 (5.7) 5 (7.8)   3 (3.5) 1 (2.2)  
 St. James 188 (54.5) 140 (56.7) 32 (50.0)   39 (45.9) 25 (55.6)  
 Westmoreland 109 (31.6) 74 (30.0) 23 (35.9)   35 (41.2) 17 (37.8)  
 Trelawny 27 (7.8) 19 (7.7) 4 (6.3)   8 (9.4) 2 (4.4)  
Marital status     0.895    0.199
 Never married 152 (44.0) 105 (42.5) 26 (40.6)   43 (50.6) 18 (40.0)  
 Married/common law 132 (38.3) 98 (39.7) 25 (39.1)   28 (32.9) 22 (48.9)  
 Divorced/Widowed 61 (17.7) 44 (17.8) 13 (20.3)   14 (16.5) 5 (11.1)  
Education     0.763    0.842
 Primary or less 165 (48.0) 121 (49.0) 30 (46.9)   39 (45.9) 21 (47.7)  
 Some or completed Secondary/College/University 179 (52.0) 126 (51.0) 34 (53.1)   46 (54.1) 23 (52.3)  
Religious affiliation     0.663    0.427
 Catholic/Protestant Christian 235 (68.1) 167 (67.6) 41 (64.1)   64 (75.3) 29 (64.4)  
 Adventist 72 (20.9) 55 (22.3) 14 (21.9)   13 (15.3) 10 (22.2)  
 Muslim/Jehovah Witness/ 38 (11.0) 25 (10.1) 9 (14.1)   8 (9.4) 6 (13.3)  
Occupation     0.458    0.762
 Unskilled 269 (78.0) 190 (76.9) 52 (81.3)   70 (82.4) 38 (84.4)  
 Professional/Skilled/ Clerical/Other 76 (22.0) 57 (23.1) 12 (18.8)   15 (17.7) 7 (15.6)  
Income     0.454    0.347
 No Income 190 (55.1) 130 (52.6) 39 (60.9)   53 (62.4) 33 (73.3)  
  < J$24,800 94 (27.3) 71 (28.7) 14 (21.9)   20 (23.5) 9 (20.0)  
  ≥ J$24,801 61 (17.7) 46 (18.6) 11 (17.2)   12 (14.1) 3 (6.7)  
Have children 319 (92.7) 226 (91.9) 63 (98.4) 0.063 75 (88.2) 42 (93.3) 0.357
Number of adults in household       0.068
 1 79 (23.1) 51 (20.8) 16 (25.4) 0.561 27 (31.8) 15 (34.1)  
 2–3 172 (50.3) 125 (51.0) 33 (52.4)   36 (42.4) 25 (56.8)  
  ≥ 4 91 (26.6) 69 (28.2) 14 (22.2)   22 (25.9) 4 (9.1)  
Number of children in household    0.318    0.801
  ≤ 1 263 (77.1) 183 (75.3) 52 (81.3)   72 (84.7) 38 (86.4)  
  ≥ 2 78 (22.9) 60 (24.7) 12 (18.8)   13 (15.3) 6 (13.6)  
Time of diagnosis     0.358    0.259
  < 10 years ago 150 (48.9) 122 (50.2) 28 (43.8)   38 (45.2) 24 (55.8)  
  ≥ 10 years ago 157 (51.1) 121 (49.8) 36 (56.2)   46 (54.8) 19 (44.2)  
  1. P-value based on chi-square
  2. -$24,800 = Jamaican minimum wage at the time of the study, CAM Complementary and alternative medicine
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