Skip to main content

Table 1 Between-group comparisons of the participants’ demographic and clinical characteristics

From: The effect of curcumin ointment on knee pain in older adults with osteoarthritis: a randomized placebo trial

Variables Group P value
Placebo, Mean ± SD Intervention, Mean ± SD
Age 67.94 ± 6.72 68.86 ± 6.27 0.800a
Weight (kg) 75.50 ± 12.44 76.02 ± 12.62 0.560 a
Height (cm) 165.50 ± 6.58 165.63 ± 7.04 0.640 a
BMI 27.54 ± 3.96 27.59 ± 3.43 0.578 a
Disease duration, year 6.91 ± 4.68 7.22 ± 4.46 0.654 a
  N (%) N (%)  
Gender
 Female 23 (63.9) 22 (61.1) 0.99 b
 Male 13 (36.1) 14 (38.9)
Education level
 Illiterate 13 (36.1) 16 (44.4) 0.34 c
 Elementary school 12 (33.3) 12 (33.3)
 Secondary school 4 (11.1) 6 (16.7)
 High school and higher 7 (19.5) 2 (5.6)
Regular physical activity
 Yes 18 (50.0) 14 (38.9) 0.47 b
 No 18 (50.0) 22 (61.1)
Analgesic use (during the study)
 Yes 8 (22.2) 11 (30.6) 0.59 b
 No 28 (77.8) 25 (69.4)
Name of the analgesic used
 Piroxicam 2 (5.6) 3 (8.3) 0.90 c
 Celecoxib 2 (5.6) 5 (13.9)
 Gabapentin 3 (8.3) 2 (5.6)
 Naproxen 1 (2.8) 1 (2.8)
Use of hypnotics
 Yes 14 (38.9) 6 (16.7) 0.06 b
 No 22 (61.1) 30 (83.3)
Name of the hypnotic used
 Clonazepam 6 (16.7) 3 (8.3) .99 c
 Alprazolam 8 (22.2) 3 (8.3)
  1. a: Independents samples-test, b: Chi square test, c: Fisher’s Exact test