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Table 3 Prevalence, types and reasons for the use of complementary and alternative therapies among the respondents

From: Use of complementary and alternative therapies for the treatment of dysmenorrhea among undergraduate pharmacy students in Malaysia: a cross sectional study

Variable Frequency (N = 158) Percentage (%)
Ever-user of CAT 111 70.3
Current user of CAT 86 54.4
Types of CATs used for dysmenorrhea
 Bed rest 113 71.5
 Hot compress/heating pad 75 47.5
 Massage 68 43.0
 Hydrotherapy 42 26.6
 Natural herbs/remedies/supplements 16 10.1
 Exercise/yoga/meditation 15 9.5
 Others 6 3.8
Reasons for using CATs
 To reduce the need for analgesics 97 61.4
 Efficacy 59 37.3
 Based on recommendation 52 32.9
 Safety 33 20.9
 Availability 27 17.1
 Cost 10 6.3
Effectiveness of CATs compared to analgesics
 Less effective 47 29.7
 Equally effective 36 22.8
 More effective 14 8.9
 I don’t know 60 38.0
Use of analgesic for dysmenorrhea 64 40.5
  1. CAT Complementary and alternative therapy.