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Table 3 Cited plants’ literature-reported medicinal uses or pharmacological activities

From: A survey of ethnomedicinal plants used to treat cancer by traditional medicine practitioners in Zimbabwe

Scientific Name Family Name
Vernacular Plant part utilised Medicinal Uses (from literature)
Steganotaenia araliacea Hochst. Apiaceae Musvodzambudzi Stem and root bark Diarrhoea, infections, antimitotic activity [23, 24].
Cannabis sativa L. Cannabaceae Mbanje Whole plant Asthma, nausea, emesis, insomnia, anxiety, anorexia, malaria, epilepsy, psychosis, psoriasis [25,26,27,28].
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. Bignoniaceae Mubveve Fruit, leaves, bark, roots Pneumonia, toothache, dysentery, ulcers, antifungal, psoriasis, cancer, eczema, antibacterial, malaria, analgesic, diabetes, aphrodisiac [29,30,31].
Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia Pax [Agg]. Phyllanthaceae Mutsonzwa/Mukurazviyo Leaves Eye cancer [32].
Heteromorpha trifoliata (Wendl.) Eckl.&Zeyh. Apiaceae Mhingano Stem bark Cancer [31].
Burkea africana Hook. Fabaceae Mukarati Stem bark Antioxidant [33, 34].
Moringa oliefera Lam. Moringaceae Moringa Whole plant Cancer, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, infections, immune system booster [35,36,37].
Ximenia caffra Sond. Ximeniaceae Nhengeni Fruit, leaves, root, seed Diarrhoea, bilharzia, malaria, infections, intestinal worms, STIs, infertility, pain [38].
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Mupfuta Bark, leaves, seeds, oil Pain, diabetes, tumours, asthma [39, 40].
Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch.&C.A.Mey. Hypoxidaceae   Corms Cancer, nervous disorders, UTIs, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, colds and flu [41,42,43].
Prunus persica (L.)Batsch Rosaceae Muphichisi Bark, leaves Common cold, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids [44, 45].
Duranta erecta L. Verbenaceae   Leaves Headache, toothache, wound healing, diuretic, malaria [46, 47].
Bulbinella floribunda (Thunb.)T.Durand&Schinz. Asphodelaceae Chidzinganyoka Roots Infections, bleeding, acne, cold sores, chapped lips, cracked heels, eczema [48].
Sutherlandia frutescens (L.)R.BR. Fabaceae   Shoots Cancer, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, influenza, depression, arthritis, peptic ulcers, gastritis, reflux oesophagitis, chronic fatigue syndrome [43, 49,50,51].
Lantana rugosa Thunb. Verbenaceae   Roots, leaves Ulcers, malaria, wound infections, tumors, eczema, pain [52, 53].
Solanum incanum L. Solanaceae Nhundurwa Leaves, fruit, roots Sore throat, stomach ache, snake bites, ringworm, warts, fever, liver disorders, menstrual disorders [54, 55].
Hibiscus subdariffa L. Malvaceae   Leaves Cancers, hypertension, hyperglycemia, high cholesterol [56,57,58,59].
Asparagus africanus Lam. Asparagaceae Rukato Roots Analgesic, malaria, haemorrhoids, STIs, diuretic, aid in childbirth [31, 60].