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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis of potential factors affecting TCM use among inpatients with first-time stroke

From: Predictors for the use of traditional Chinese medicine among inpatients with first-time stroke: a population-based study

Characteristics Odds ratio 95% CI Lower 95% CI Upper P
Age (years)     < 0.001
  ≥ 65 (reference group) 1.00    
 45–64 1.37 1.29 1.45  
  < 45 1.58 1.43 1.74  
Sex     0.007
 Women (reference group) 1.00    
 Men 1.08 1.02 1.14  
Type of stroke     < 0.001
 Hemorrhagic (reference group) 1.00    
 Ischemic 1.20 1.12 1.28  
 Hemorrhagic & ischemic 1.18 0.97 1.44  
Length of hospital stay for first-time stroke (days)     < 0.001
 1–7 (reference group) 1.00    
 8–14 2.08 1.89 2.29  
 15–28 4.10 3.72 4.53  
  ≥ 29 11.84 10.72 13.08  
SSI score     < 0.001
  ≥ 20 (reference group) 1.00    
 10–19 1.16 1.08 1.26  
  < 10 1.31 1.20 1.44  
CCI score     < 0.001
  ≥ 3 (reference group) 1.00    
 1–2 2.04 1.68 2.48  
 0 2.15 1.77 2.61  
Hospital accreditation level     < 0.001
 Medical center (reference group) 1.00    
 Regional hospital 1.41 1.34 1.49  
 Community hospital 6.22 4.87 7.95  
Rehabilitation during hospitalization for first-time stroke     < 0.001
 No (reference group) 1.00    
 Yes 9.16 8.28 10.13  
TCM treatment in the past 9 years before first-time stroke     < 0.001
 No (reference group) 1.00    
 Yes 1.35 1.28 1.43  
Urbanization residency level     < 0.001
 1 (reference group) 1.00    
 2 1.18 1.09 1.28  
 3 1.01 0.93 1.11  
 4 1.21 1.10 1.32  
 5 0.92 0.80 1.07  
 6 1.06 0.94 1.20  
 7 (least urbanized) 1.38 1.22 1.56  
Insured amount per month     < 0.001
  < 576 USD (reference group) 1.00    
  ≥ 576 USD 1.20 1.14 1.27  
  1. Abbreviations: TCM Traditional Chinese medicine; CI Confidence interval; USD United States dollar; SSI Stroke severity index; CCI Charlson-Deyo comorbidity index