Skip to main content

Table 1 Summary of Randomized Controlled Trials of acupuncture for Occipital neuralgia

From: The effects of acupuncture on occipital neuralgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author (year)Condition Sample sizeGender (M/F)AgeIntervention GroupControl GroupMain Outcomes
AcupuncturevsControl (Medication)
 Chen2014Occipital neuralgia (37/37)I: 20/17;I: 44.4 ± 11.0;A) AT (Ashi points; 1–2 times a day for 3 days, 20–30 min; Reducing manipulation)B) Medication treatment1) VAS
C: 19/18C: 46.2 ± 10.72) Effective rate
 Li2016Occipital neuralgia (29/29/25)I: 12/17;I: 36 ± 9.3;A) AT (GB20, EX-B2, Anmyeon points; 1 time a day for 6 days, 30 min; Proximal-needle, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation, Technique for getting de qi)B) AT (Conventional-needle, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation, Technique for getting de qi)1) VAS
C1: 14/15;C1: 39 ± 8.4;2) Effective rate
C2: 11/14C2: 40 ± 9.73) Recurrence rate
C) Medication treatment
 Ning2012Occipital neuralgia (30/30)I: 12/18;I: 53.2 ± 12.358;A) AT (BL9, GB20, GB12, EX-B2, EX-HN14, Ashi points; 1 time a day for 6 days, 20 min; Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation)B) Medication treatment1) VAS
C: 11/19C: 51.6 ± 12.478
 Cui2011Occipital neuralgia (30/30/30)I: 13/17;I: 28–65;A) AT (GB20, EX-HN14, EX-B2, Ashi points; 1 time a day for 20 days, 22 min; Twirling manipulation)B) AT (『针灸治疗学』 method, Twisting method, Technique for getting de qi)1) VAS
C1: 16/14;C1: 25–67;2) BRS-6
C2: 12/18C2: 26–663) Effective rate
C) Medication treatment
 Hong2014Occipital neuralgia (30/27)I: 14/16;I: 45.1 ± 13.4;A) AT (Ashi points; 1 time a day for 5 days; Fire needle, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation)B) Medication treatment1) VAS
C: 12/15C: 46.0 ± 12.92) Effective rate
 Gao2016Occipital neuralgia (30/30)I: 10/20;I: 51.8;A) AT (GB8, GV20, GB20, LI4, PC6, LU7, LR3, EX-HN1, EX-HN3, EX-HN5, EX-B2; 1 time a day for 28 days, 30 min; Twirling manipulation, Lifting manipulation, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation)B) Medication treatment1) Effective rate
C: 8/22C: 50.9
 Liu2006The Greater Occipital neuralgia (30/30)I: 19/11;I: 25–57;A) AT (GB18, GB39, Ashi points; 1 time a day for 10 days, 30 min; Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation, Technique for getting de qi)B) Medication treatment1) Effective rate
C: 17/13C: 22–53
 Yang2016Occipital neuralgia (38/37)I: 22/16;I: 54.32 ± 10.53;A) AT (GB20, TE17, GB12, GV14, LI4, TE5, LR3, KI3, ST40, SP10, ST36, SP6, EX-B2, EX-HN5, Ashi points; 1 time a day for a week, 30 min; Fire needle, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation)B) Medication treatment1) Effective rate
C: 23/14C: 58.77 ± 11.612) Daily pain time index
 Lin2005Occipital neuralgia (35/32)I: 21/14;I: 46;A) AT (Wrist-Ankle region; 1 time a day for 10 days; Needle-embedding therapy)B) Medication treatment1) Effective rate
C: 19/13C: 47
Acupuncture + Control (Medication)vsControl (Medication)
 Xu2014Occipital neuralgia (32/30/30)I: 14/18;I: 49.25;A) AT + Medication treatment (GV20, GB20, EX-B2, Ashi points; 1 time a day for 20 days, 22 min)B) AT (Same with intervention)1) VAS
C1: 13/17;C1: 50.23:2) Effective rate
C2: 12/18C2: 48.94C) Medication treatment
 Li2007Occipital neuralgia (34/34)I: 16/18;I: 37.7;A) AT + Medication treatment (GB20, BL10, GB8, ST8, GB5, EX-HN5; 1 time a day for 6 days, 30 min; Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation, Technique for getting de qi)B) Medication treatment1) Effective rate
C: 15/19C: 38.6
  1. Abbreviations: AT: Acupuncture Treatment, VAS: Visual Analogue Scales, BRS-6: the 6-point Behavioral Rating Scale, adverse effects were not reported for any study
\