From: The effects of acupuncture on occipital neuralgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author (year) | Condition Sample size | Gender (M/F) | Age | Intervention Group | Control Group | Main Outcomes |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

AcupuncturevsControl (Medication) | ||||||

Chen2014 | Occipital neuralgia (37/37) | I: 20/17; | I: 44.4 ± 11.0; | A) AT (Ashi points; 1–2 times a day for 3 days, 20–30 min; Reducing manipulation) | B) Medication treatment | 1) VAS |

C: 19/18 | C: 46.2 ± 10.7 | 2) Effective rate | ||||

Li2016 | Occipital neuralgia (29/29/25) | I: 12/17; | I: 36 ± 9.3; | A) AT (GB20, EX-B2, Anmyeon points; 1 time a day for 6 days, 30 min; Proximal-needle, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation, Technique for getting de qi) | B) AT (Conventional-needle, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation, Technique for getting de qi) | 1) VAS |

C1: 14/15; | C1: 39 ± 8.4; | 2) Effective rate | ||||

C2: 11/14 | C2: 40 ± 9.7 | 3) Recurrence rate | ||||

C) Medication treatment | ||||||

Ning2012 | Occipital neuralgia (30/30) | I: 12/18; | I: 53.2 ± 12.358; | A) AT (BL9, GB20, GB12, EX-B2, EX-HN14, Ashi points; 1 time a day for 6 days, 20 min; Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation) | B) Medication treatment | 1) VAS |

C: 11/19 | C: 51.6 ± 12.478 | |||||

Cui2011 | Occipital neuralgia (30/30/30) | I: 13/17; | I: 28–65; | A) AT (GB20, EX-HN14, EX-B2, Ashi points; 1 time a day for 20 days, 22 min; Twirling manipulation) | B) AT (『针灸治疗学』 method, Twisting method, Technique for getting de qi) | 1) VAS |

C1: 16/14; | C1: 25–67; | 2) BRS-6 | ||||

C2: 12/18 | C2: 26–66 | 3) Effective rate | ||||

C) Medication treatment | ||||||

Hong2014 | Occipital neuralgia (30/27) | I: 14/16; | I: 45.1 ± 13.4; | A) AT (Ashi points; 1 time a day for 5 days; Fire needle, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation) | B) Medication treatment | 1) VAS |

C: 12/15 | C: 46.0 ± 12.9 | 2) Effective rate | ||||

Gao2016 | Occipital neuralgia (30/30) | I: 10/20; | I: 51.8; | A) AT (GB8, GV20, GB20, LI4, PC6, LU7, LR3, EX-HN1, EX-HN3, EX-HN5, EX-B2; 1 time a day for 28 days, 30 min; Twirling manipulation, Lifting manipulation, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation) | B) Medication treatment | 1) Effective rate |

C: 8/22 | C: 50.9 | |||||

Liu2006 | The Greater Occipital neuralgia (30/30) | I: 19/11; | I: 25–57; | A) AT (GB18, GB39, Ashi points; 1 time a day for 10 days, 30 min; Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation, Technique for getting de qi) | B) Medication treatment | 1) Effective rate |

C: 17/13 | C: 22–53 | |||||

Yang2016 | Occipital neuralgia (38/37) | I: 22/16; | I: 54.32 ± 10.53; | A) AT (GB20, TE17, GB12, GV14, LI4, TE5, LR3, KI3, ST40, SP10, ST36, SP6, EX-B2, EX-HN5, Ashi points; 1 time a day for a week, 30 min; Fire needle, Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation) | B) Medication treatment | 1) Effective rate |

C: 23/14 | C: 58.77 ± 11.61 | 2) Daily pain time index | ||||

Lin2005 | Occipital neuralgia (35/32) | I: 21/14; | I: 46; | A) AT (Wrist-Ankle region; 1 time a day for 10 days; Needle-embedding therapy) | B) Medication treatment | 1) Effective rate |

C: 19/13 | C: 47 | |||||

Acupuncture + Control (Medication)vsControl (Medication) | ||||||

Xu2014 | Occipital neuralgia (32/30/30) | I: 14/18; | I: 49.25; | A) AT + Medication treatment (GV20, GB20, EX-B2, Ashi points; 1 time a day for 20 days, 22 min) | B) AT (Same with intervention) | 1) VAS |

C1: 13/17; | C1: 50.23: | 2) Effective rate | ||||

C2: 12/18 | C2: 48.94 | C) Medication treatment | ||||

Li2007 | Occipital neuralgia (34/34) | I: 16/18; | I: 37.7; | A) AT + Medication treatment (GB20, BL10, GB8, ST8, GB5, EX-HN5; 1 time a day for 6 days, 30 min; Reinforcing-Reducing manipulation, Technique for getting de qi) | B) Medication treatment | 1) Effective rate |

C: 15/19 | C: 38.6 |