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Table 4 Difference in perception, concerns, and government trust between CAM users and non-users

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among outpatients during the 2015 MERS outbreak in South Korea: a cross-sectional study

VariablesTotal
n = 331 (%)
CAM users
n = 252 (%)
Non-users
n = 79 (%)
p-value
Concern about own self and/or family members becoming infectedª
 Low (1,2)84 (25.4)61 (24.2)23 (29.1)0.314
 Moderate (3)84 (25.4)61 (24.2)23 (29.1)
 High (4,5)163 (49.2)130 (51.6)33 (41.8)
Concern about not being able to visit crowded areaª
 Low (1,2)79 (23.9)57 (22.6)22 (27.8)0.054
 Moderate (3)96 (29.0)67 (26.6)29 (36.7)
 High (4,5)156 (47.1)128 (50.8)28 (35.4)
Concern about not being able to visit health facilitiesª
 Low (1,2)109 (32.9)79 (31.3)30 (38.0)0.322
 Moderate (3)94 (28.4)70 (27.8)24 (30.4)
 High (4,5)128 (38.7)103 (40.9)25 (31.6)
Concern about having insufficient information on MERSª
 Low (1,2)98 (29.6)75 (29.8)23 (29.1)0.207
 Moderate (3)93 (28.1)65 (25.8)28 (35.4)
 High (4,5)140 (42.3)112 (44.4)28 (35.4)
Concern about no treatment modality available for MERSª
 Low (1,2)51 (15.4)33 (13.1)18 (22.8)0.017
 Moderate (3)73 (22.1)51 (20.2)22 (27.8)
 High (4,5)207 (62.5)168 (66.7)39 (49.4)
Perceived likelihood of infection°
 Low (1,2)140 (42.3)103 (40.9)37 (46.8)0.458
 Moderate (3)111 (33.5)89 (35.3)22 (27.8)
 High (4,5)80 (24.2)60 (23.8)20 (25.3)
Perceived danger of MERS outbreak on health1
 Low (1,2)29 (8.8)22 (8.7)7 (8.9)0.017
 Moderate (3)124 (37.5)84 (33.3)40 (50.6)
 High (4,5)178 (53.8)146 (57.9)32 (40.5)
Perceived preventability of MERS infection
 Possible257 (77.6)197 (78.2)60 (75.9)0.679
 Not possible74 (22.4)55 (21.8)19 (24.1)
Trust in the government response
 Appropriate133 (40.2)100 (39.7)33 (41.8)0.020
 Not appropriate151 (45.6)123 (48.8)28 (35.4)
 No opinion47 (14.2)29 (11.5)18 (22.8)
Protective behaviors*
 Wearing a mask186 (56.2)144 (57.1)42 (53.2)0.534
 Hand-washing260 (78.5)206 (81.7)54 (68.4)0.011
 Refraining from going outside148 (44.7)117 (46.4)31 (39.2)0.262
 Refraining from physical contact
with other people
62 (18.7)55 (21.8)7 (8.9)0.010
 Resting73 (22.1)58 (23.0)15 (19.0)0.451
 Visiting health facilities for
consultation
10 (3.0)7 (2.8)3 (3.8)0.644
  1. ª Participants were asked to rate their degree of concern (1 = Not at all, 5 = Very much)
  2. ° Participants were asked to rate their self-perceived likelihood of contracting the disease (1 = Not at all, 5 = Very likely)
  3. 1 Participants were asked to rate their self-perceived danger of the MERS on health (1 = Not at all, 5 = Very much)
  4. * Columns do not add up to 100% due to the selection of multiple answers