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Table 3 The top ten most common T/CM used by respondents

From: The prevalence, perceptions and behaviors associated with traditional/complementary medicine use by breastfeeding women living in Macau: a cross-sectional survey study

T/CM N (% of total users) reported the use N (% of this user group) indicated this T/CM was effective Common reasons for use (Number of respondents)
Specific to breastfeeding Non-specific to breastfeeding
To unblock milk ducts To increase milk supply To reduce milk supply To relieve breast and nipple pain To improve the breastfed children’s development To relieve depressive mood/ stress To relieve sleeping problems To improve skin conditions To enhance energy level
Tetrapanax papyrifer 242 (77.3%) 62 (25.6%) (154) (83) (1) (4)      
Lecithin 223 (71.2%) 54 (24.2%) (187) (27)   (7)      
Vaccaria segetalis garcke 98 (31.3%) 17 (17.3%) (26) (62) (2) (1)      (1)
Docosahexaenoic acid 98 (31.3%) 23 (23.5%)   (1)    (75) (1)   (3) (2)
Trigonella foenum-graecum 95 (30.4%) 19 (20%) (6) (84)        
Omega 3 fatty acids (Fish oil) 63 (20.1%) 13 (20.6%) (4) (3)    (39) (1)   (7)  
Fructus Hordei Germinatus 55 (17.6%) 6 (10.9%) (1) (2) (50) (1)      
Semen Sojae Preparatum 53 (16.9%) 4 (7.5%) (1)   (49)     (1)   
Fructus liquidambaris 53 (16.9%) 13 (24.5%) (33) (12)   (2)    (1)   
Taraxacum officinale 38 (12.1%) 9 (23.7%) (13) (3) (2) (9) (1)   (2)   (1)