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Table 4 One Month Study Blood Chemistry Group ANOVA Tests, separately by Sex

From: Toxicology studies of aqueous-alcohol extracts of Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. procumbens (Burch.) DC.Ex Meisn. (Pedaliaceae) in female and male rats

Sodium
 Females F = 2.13; df 3, 18; p = .13
 Males F = 11.79, df 3, 20; p < .001
MeasureMean (sd)
Control2014 HP2016 HP2016 Butanolic HP
Female – Sodium (mEq/L)141.33 (3.08)144.00 (1.58)141.60 (1.52)143.67 (2.07)
Male – Sodium (mEq/L)142.67 (1.37)142.50 (1.76)139.33 (1.03)**139.83 (0.41)**
Potassium
 Females F = 15.69; df 3, 18; p < .001
 Males F = 125.07, df 3, 20; p < .001
MeasureMean (sd)
Control2014 HP2016 HP2016 Butanolic HP
Female – Potassium (mEq/L)4.85 (0.44)4.82 (0.33)6.36 (0.35) **5.17 (0.48)
Male – Potassium (mEq/L)4.78 (0.32)6.37 (0.29) **7.43 (0.34) **7.90 (0.24) **
Phosphorus
 Females F = 5.40; df 3, 18; p = .01
 Males F = 1.68, df 3, 20; p = .20
MeasureMean (sd)
Control2014 HP2016 HP2016 Butanolic HP
Female – Phosphorus (mEq/L)6.55 (0.50)7.38 (0.65)8.18 (0.64) **7.70 (0.92) **
Male – Phosphorus (mEq/L)7.53 (0.31)8.03 (0.55)7.62 (0.45)7.65 (0.32)
  1. **HP group(s) was significantly (p < .05) different from Control Group