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Table 1 Medicinal plant species, their habit, habitat, parts used, ailments treated, mode of preparation and administration

From: Ethno-pharmacological survey of herbal remedies used in the treatment of paediatric diseases in Buhunga parish, Rukungiri District, Uganda

FamilyScientific name, Voucher No.Local name (Runyankole/ Rukiga)HabitHabitatParts usedAilment treatedMethod of preparation & administrationLiterature supporting traditional use of the plant species in other regions.
AcanthaceaeMonechma subsessile C. B. Clarke PT 040EraziHAlong foot pathsL-Stomachache
-Epilepsy
-Decoction drunkNot found
AloeaceaeAloe vera (L) Burm. f. PT046RukakaSGrasslandsL-Stomachache-Decoction drunkNot found
AnarcadiaceaeMangifera indica L.PT032OmuyembeTFarmlandL
B
-Cough-Infusion drunk -Juice from macerated leaves drunk
-Decoction drunk
-Oral wounds, tonsillitis and fever [17]
ApiaceaeCentella asiatica (L.) Urb. PT011 HSwamps FarmlandWp-Dysentery
-Constipation
-Jaundice
-Fever
-Infusion drunk
-Juice from macerated leaves drunk
-Boils in Madagascar [18]
AsparagaceaeDraceana fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl. PT008OmugororaSBush FarmlandS, L, R-Stomachache-Decoction drunkLeaves used for ear infections in Kibale [19]
AsteraceaeAspilia africana (Pers) adama PT 006EkiterankubaHBush FarmlandL-Diarrhoea
- Stomachache
-Epilepsy
-Decoction drunk
-Juice from macerated leaves drunk
-Child delay, wounds in Erute county [20]
Bidens pilosa L. PT031EnyabarashanaHBush FarmlandL
R
-Fresh -wounds
-Malaria
-Worms
-Constipation
-Poisoning
-Leaves macerated and applied topically
-Raw roots chewed
-Decoction drunk
Also used for wounds in western Uganda [21] Stomachaches and jaundice in Peru [22]
Erlangea cordifolia S. Moore PT001AkatomaSBush Abandoned landsL-Stomachache
-Worms
-Decoction drunkStomach upsets in newly borns [19]
Erlangea tomentosa S. Moore PT004EkyoganyanjaHBush Abandoned landsL-Stomachache
-Jaundice
-Decoction drunkUsed for colic pains and stomachache in western Uganda [21]; Cough [19]
Vernonia amygdalina Delile PT010OmubiriziSFarmland BushL, R-Worms
-Malaria
-Fever
-Indigestion
-Decoction drunkBurns, colic, malaria, syphilis, ulcers, wounds, skin rash [21]; Malaria, yellow fever [17]
Vernonia auriculifera Hiern. PT019EkinyekanyemeSBushL-Fever
-Malaria
-Stomachache
-Infusion drunk
-Decoction drunk
Placenta removal [19]
Vernonia lasiopas o. Hoffm PT025OmujumaSBushL-Worms-Decoction drunk
-Juice from macerated leaves drunk
Used against constipation, deworming, malaria, skin allergy, stomachache in Western Uganda [21] Malaria, stomachache [23]
Senecio ruwenzoriensis S. Moore PT036OmuzilafuHGrasslands FarmlandL-Stomachache
-Fever
-Decoction drunk
-Decoction bathed
Not found
BignoniaceaeMarkhamia lutea K. Schum PT 018OmusambyaTBush FarmlandR-Diarrhoea-Infusion drunkDiarrhoea, gonorrhoea [19]
Spathodea companulata P. Beauv.PT005MunyaraTBushL, B-Allergy
-Dysentery
-Diarrhoea
-Asthma
-Decoction drunkInfertility, skin infections, Hernia [23]
CaricaceaeCarica papaya L. PT002OmupapariTFarmlandL
FR
R
-Worms
-Cough
-Wounds
-Decoction drunk
-Latex leaked
-Macerated leaves
-Roots used against cough and diarrhoea in Ngai [24]
ChenopodiaceaeChenopodium ambrosioides L. PT012MusasiziHBushL-Headache
-Stomachache
-Macerated leaves rubbed in the head
-Decoction drunk
For endoparasites; also as laxative in Peru [22]; Skin swellings in India [25]
Chenopodium opulifolium Koch & Ziz PT020OmwetangoHBushL-Malaria
-Fever
-Misfortune
-Infusion drunk
-Decoction bathed
-Macerated leaves mixed with water and child is bathed
Oral wounds, skin rash, toothache, sore throat [23]
CurcubitaceaeMormodica feotida K. Schum PT 021AkabomboCFarmland HedgesL-Malaria
-Fever
-Worms
-Cough
-Stomachache
-Decoction or infusion drunkYellow fever, cough and malaria in Iganga [17]
EuphorbiaceaeEurphobia hirta L. PT014EnkukuruHFarmland CompoundL
WP
-Worms
-Asthma
-Wounds
-Eye infections
-Decoction drunk
-Leaves burnt and ash applied to wounds and boils
Sterility, diarrhoea, false teeth in Bulamogi [26]
Euphorbia turicalli L. PT030OruyenjeSFarmland HedgesR
Br
Stomachache
-Sore throat
-Snake bites
-Decoction drunk
-Young branches roasted and chewed
Sap used to treat warts [23]
FabaceaeAlbizia adianthifoli (Schumach.) W. Wight PT043OmushebeyaTFarmlandL-Fever-Decoction drunkNot found
Cassia occidentalis Linn. PT 016OmwitanjokaSFarmland BushL
R
-Worms
-Stomachache
-Headache
-Infusion or decoction drunkPaediatric cough [19]
Mimosa pudica L. PT035KabarashahaHFarmland Home compoundsL, R-Sores
-Abcesses
-Macerated leaves/roots applied on affected partPre-mature ejaculation, measles [26]
Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr PT 013OmunyeganyejeSFarmlandL-Stomachache
-Abscesses
-Decoction drunk
-Macerated leaves mixed with water and child bathed
High blood pressure, Diabetes [23]
LamiaceaeIboza riparia N.E. Br. PT 017OmuravungaHFarmlandL-Cough
-Stomachache
-Decoction drunkNot found
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R. Br. PT 028EkicumucumuHBush Along foot pathsL
WP
-Stomachache
-Dysentery
-Convulsions
-Malaria
-Fever
-Decoction drunk
-Decoction bathed
Colic, convulsions, deworming, dysentery, miscarriage, uterine pains in Western Uganda [21]
Ocimum kilimand Schium PT 042ObushongaSFarmlandL-Headache
-Stomachache
-Macerated leaves rubbed on the head
-Decoction drunk
Not found
Ocimum gratissum L. PT049OmujajaSBushL-Stomachache-Decoction or infusion drunkNot found
Ocimum suave Willd. PT045EsitimwaSBush FarmlandL-Stomachache-Juice from macerated leaves drunkAllergy, colic constipation, deworming, flue, stomachache, uterine pain, headache, splenomegaly [27]
Plectranthus barbatus Andr.PT027RubaturaHFarmland Along foot pathsL-Stomachache-Decoction drunkNot found
Plecteanthus forskahlii Willd PT023EkizeraHFarmlandL-Stomachache
-Worms
-Fever
-Malaria
-Infusion or decoction drunkNot found
MalvaceaeSida rhombiforia L PT047OrwezaHGrasslands FarmlandL-Misfortune-Macerated leaves mixed with water and the child bathedNot found
MelastomataceaeDissotis phaeotricha (Hochst.) Hook. f. PT024MukurateitabyeHBushL-Malaria
-Fever
-Worms
-Decoction drunkNot found
MeliaceaeAzadirachta indica A.Juss. PT007NimuTFarmlandL
Fr
S
-Worms
-Malaria
-Fever
-Skin rash
-Jaundice
-Decoction and infusion drunk
-Oil from seeds drunk
Decoction used for skin rash in Ogun State Nigeria [28]; cough, fever [26]
MoraceaeFicus natalensis Hochst. PT050EkitoomaTBush FarmlandB-Influenza-Decoction drunkNot found
MyrtaceaeCallistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels PT009Bottle brush (English)THome compoundsL
Br
-Cough
-Common cold
-Decoction drunk
-Mixed with leaves of Eucalyptus grandis and Mangifera indica boiled and inhaled
Cough [19]
Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill PT003KalitusiTFarmlandL
B
-Cough-Leaves chewed
-Infusion drunk
-Decoction drunk
Not found
Psidium guajava L. PT015OmuperaTFarmlandL
B
-Cough-Decoction drunk
-Dried, pounded, powder added to cow ghee and leaked
Malaria, anaemia, fever, diarrhoea [17]
PassifloraceaePassiflora edulis Sims PT027ObutundaCFarmlandR
T
-Stomachache-Decoction drunkDiarrhoea, Cough [17, 19]
PoaceaeCymbopogon citratus Stapf PT039OmuteteGGrassland FarmlandL
S
-Diarrhoea
-Malaria
-Fever
-Ring worms
-Decoction or Infusion drunk
-Seeds crushed mixed with water and drunk
Yellow fever [19]
Penissetum perpureum Schum. PT037EkibingoGGrasslands FarmlandL
R
-Blindness
-Skin diseases
-Infusion used to wash the face
-Infusion drunk
Heart disease [19]
RubiaceaePentas carnea Benth. PT033RuhayaSBushL-Stomachache-Decoction drunkNot found
Spermacoce princea K. Schum PT041EmarabyonaHAlong foot pathsWp-Stomachache
-Worms
-Decoction drunkNot found
RutaceaeCitrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck PT022OmuchungwaTFarmlandL-Cough
-Sore throat
-Leaves chewed
-Mixed with other herbs, boiled and decoction drunk
Diarrhoea [17]
SolanaceaeDatura innoxia Mill PT026NyarweziringaSSwamps FarmlandL
S
Fr
S
-Cough
-Asthma
-Skin diseases
-Infusion is drunk
-Macerated leaves are applied on skin
Not found
Nicotiana tobacuum L. PT029EtaabeHFarmlandL-Stomachache
-Common cold
-Influenza
-Leaves
-Leaves are macerated and juice given to the child
Snake bites, Migraine [26]
Physalis peruviana L. PT044EkituutuCBush Along hedgesL-Stomachache-Decoction drunkHypertension, malaria, menstrual pains, nausea, splenomegaly,stomachache [21] Vomiting [26]
Solanum incanum L. PT034EntengotengoSGrasslands FarmlandFr
L
R
-Wounds
-Toothache
-Prolapsed rectum
-Fruits are baked and used to massage the rectum
-Juice from macerated leaves applied
Yellow fever [17]
VerbanaceaeLantana trifolia L. PT038OmuhukyeSBush FarmlandL-Fresh wounds-Infusion applied topicallyCough, amoebiasis [26];Sore throat, general malaise & gonorrhoea [29]
  1. Key: Habit: H – Herb, S – Shrub, T – Tree, C – Climber, Parts used: L – Leaves, R- Roots, Fr – Fruits, S- Seeds, Wp – Whole plant, B – Bark,. Habitat means areas where respondents sourced the plant species; Farmland represents cultivated land, banana plantations