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Table 1 Demographic and laboratory characteristics according to HTM use

From: Herbal or traditional medicine consumption in a Thai worker population: pattern of use and therapeutic control in chronic diseases

Variables HTM usage p-value
HTM Users (n = 2149) Non-Users (n = 4443)
Male (%) 1522 (31.6) 3288 (68.3) 0.007
Female (%) 627 (35.2) 1155 (64.8)  
Age (years) 53 ± 11 53 ± 11 0.6
Education (%)    0.6
High school/ Bachelor/Master+ 46/41/13 45/42/13  
Household Income (%)    0.4
< 20,000/20,000-49,999/50,000-100,000/> 100,000 THB/month 13/34/39/15 12/33/39/16  
Current/Never smoker (%) 16/45 17/44 0.5
Current Alcohol (%) 63 59 0.003
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25 ± 3.7 25 ± 3.6 0.3
Obese (%) 8 8 0.2
Systolic BP (mmHg) 126 ± 18 126 ± 18 0.3
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 81 ± 11 81 ± 11 0.5
Hypertension (%) 41 40 0.3
Fasting Glucose (mg/dl) 100 ± 31 99 ± 26 0.1
Diabetes Mellitus (%) 14 12 0.006
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 136 ± 87 140 ± 90 0.1
HDL (mg/dl) 53 ± 14 53 ± 14 0.4
LDL (mg/dl) 146 ± 40 146 ± 39 0.5
Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.02 ± 0.35 1.01 ± 32 0.7
eGFR (ml/min/1.73m2) 83 ± 20 83 ± 19 0.7
CKD (%) 12 11 0.1
1.5 x AST (%) 2 2 0.7
1.5 x ALT (%) 14%) 14% 0.8
  1. Abbreviations: BP blood pressure, HDL high density lipoprotein, LDL low density lipoprotein, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate CKD chronic kidney disease
  2. 1.5x AST, 1.5 x upper limit of normal value for alanine aminotransferase
  3. 1.5x ALT1.5 x upper limit of normal value for aspartate aminotransferase
  4. Bold p values  < 0.05