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Table 3 Association between patient characteristics and reporting of adverse reaction (yes/no) from patients and physicians (multivariable multilevel logistic regression, yielding adjusted* odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI))

From: Comparing physicians’ and patients’ reporting on adverse reactions in randomized trials on acupuncture—a secondary data analysis

Patient characteristics Patient report adverse reaction
available data n = 36,792
(yes/no: 3368/33,424)
Physician report adverse reaction
available data n = 41,822
(yes/no: 651/41,171)
Odds ratio 95% CI Odds ratio 95% CI
Age (10 year increase) 0.82 0.82–0.90 1.00 0.90–1.10
Gender
 Female (vs. male) 1.96 1.76–2.17 2.39 1.87–3.15
Graduation in school years (reference: 9 years)
 12/13 years 1.39 1.22–1.59 2.32 1.65–3.26
 10 years 1.26 1.12–1.42 1.17 0.87–1.59
 Other or no graduation 1.18 0.94–1.48 1.15 0.64–2.08
Highest degree (reference: apprenticeship)
 College/university 1.16 1.04–1.29 1.03 0.79–1.33
 Technical school/college 1.15 1.01–1.31 0.57 0.41–0.79
 Other or no degree 0.90 0.77–1.05 0.98 0.68–1.41
Occupational status (reference: employed)
 Unemployed or welfare-recipient 1.21 1.03–1.41 0.42 0.25–0.71
 Student or other 1.19 1.01–1.40 1.53 1.06–2.21
 Pensioner 1.05 0.91–1.21 0.66 0.46–0.96
Living situation
 Multiperson household (vs. single person) 0.93 0.83–1.03 1.12 0.85–1.47
Randomization
 Randomized (vs. non-randomized) 1.24 1.11–1.39 2.10 1.59–2.78
Diagnosis (reference: headache)
 Asthma/allergic rhinitis 1.03 0.91–1.16 0.97 0.70–1.33
 Low back pain 0.85 0.76–0.96 0.69 0.51–0.95
 Neck pain 1.01 0.91–1.12 1.09 0.83–1-41
 Dysmenorrhea 0.86 0.62–1.19 0.71 0.29–1.71
 Arthritis 0.85 0.67–1.07 0.40 0.21–0.76
Health insurance status (reference: member)
 Spouse 1.00 0.90–1.13 0.90 0.67–1.20
 Child 1.14 0.83–1.57 0.61 0.25–1.50
Health insurance type
 Voluntary insured (vs. mandatory) 0.93 0.85–1.02 0.83 0.65–1.05
  1. *Adjusted for all other factors listed