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Table 1 Effects of administration of propolis on fasting blood glucose level and conception period of pregnant streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

From: Propolis improves pregnancy outcomes and placental oxidative stress status in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Groups Initial FBG level (mg/dL) Final FBG level (mg/dL) Conception period (hours)
Non-DM 89.25 (1.75) 89.88 (0.64) 27.00 (8.49)
DM 404.13 (28.72)a 568.00 (48.07)a 81.00 (54.33)a
DM + Propolis 415.38 (11.87)a 274.13 (40.66)a,b 42.00 (27.96)
DM + Insulin 413.75 (14.48)a 242.13 (61.48)a,b 42.00 (27.96)
DM + Combined 424.63 (21.78)a 191.88 (18.50)a,b,c 33.00 (17.86)b
  1. Data are presented as mean (standard deviation), (n = 8 per group). DM: diabetes mellitus, Combined: Propolis and insulin, FBG: fasting blood glucose. aP < 0.05 compared with negative control, non-DM group; bP < 0.05 compared with DM group; cP < 0.05 compared with DM + Propolis group (ANOVA followed by Turkey-Kramer post-hoc test)