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Table 1 Scientific name, family, parts used, local name, traditional use and voucher specimen number of species under study

From: Free radical scavenging, α-glucosidase inhibitory and lipase inhibitory activities of eighteen Sudanese medicinal plants

No. Scientific name Family Parts used Local name (Sudanese accent) Traditional use Voucher specimen no.
1 Abrus precatorius L. Fabaceae Seeds Habbat Al-Arus Used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, sterility, inflammation of the eye, headache, and as a laxative, purgative, anti-cough, emetic, demulcent, and as an agent in water purification [10]. MAPRI-H.G.117/83
2 Acacia nilotica L. Fabaceae Pods Garad, Sunt Used in the treatment of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cough and as a gargle for tonsillitis [10, 48]. MAPRI-H.G.112/83
3 Blepharis linariifolia Pers. Acanthaceae Whole plant Al-Bighail; Shoak Al-Dhab, and Siha Used in the treatment of urinary disorders (Kidney stones), as a general tonic, and for stomach pain [49]. MAPRI-H.M.138/77
4 Boswellia papyrifera (Del.) Hochst. Burseraceae Gum Tarag tarag, Shagar El-luban Used in the treatment of dysentery, upper respiratory tract infections, and as an ingredient of a special Sudanese incense [17, 50]. MAPRI-H.K.12/96
5 Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Brot.) A.Rich Rubiaceae Roots Irg Al-dahab Used in the treatment of dysentery and as an emetic [51]. MAPRI-H.K.19/53
6 Citrullus colocynthis L. Cucurbitaceae Seeds Handal Used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, gonorrhea, anti-rheumatic, and against scabies. It is also used for making tar (qutran), against moth, lice, and as anti-scorpion stings and anti-snake bite [10, 17]. MAPRI-H.O.5/78
7 Cordia sinensis Lam. Boraginaceae Leaves Andrab Used in the treatment of diabetes, wound, high fever and as antitumor [52, 53]. MAPRI-H.O.22/78
8 Cymbopogon proximus (Hochst. ex A. Rich) Stapf. Poaceae Whole plant Mahareb Used in the treatment of kidney infections, diabetes, gout, renal colic, prostatic enlargement. It also used as carminative, antispasmodic, and diuretic [17, 54]. MAPRI-H.12.78
9 Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae Roots Si’da Used in the treatment of diabetes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, as anthelmintic, astringent, and aromatic [55]. MAPRI-H.ABU.H.16/94
10 Geigeria alata DC. Asteraceae Aerial parts El Gadgad Used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, antihypertensive, and intestinal complaints, and cough. It is also used as antispasmodic [42, 56]. MAPRI-H.G.61/93
11 Martynia annua L. Martyniaceae Mature Fruit Gara Gebei Used as anthelmintic, antibacterial, analgesic, anti-venom, antipyretic, anti-convulsion, antidiabetic and for wound healing [41]. MAPRI-H.Y.22/14
12 Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br. Poaceae Grains Dukhun Used in the treatment of rheumatism and as a food additive [10, 57]. MAPRI-H.Y.53/010
13 Ruta graveolens L. Rutaceae Fruit Sathab Used in the treatment of rheumatic pains [10]. MAPRI-H.Y.7/012
14 Solenostemma argel Del. Apocynaceae Leaves Harjal Used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, epigastric pain, joints affections, fever, common cold, headache, loin pain, puerperal fever, nausea, indigestion. Its beverage is used as laxative, purgative, carminative, and anti-spasmodic [10, 17, 58]. MAPRI-H.O.12/78
15 Tinospora bakis Miers Menispermaceae Roots Erg El-Haggar Used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, headache, and abdominal pain. [48, 59]. MAPRI-H.M.30/76
16 Trigonella foenum-graceum L. Fabaceae Seeds Hilba Used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, abdominal disorders, dysentery, and, as anti-spasmodic, antidiarrheal, anti-amoeba. It is also used as a food additive and to increase secretion of milk for lactating mothers [17, 60]. MAPRI-H.Y.6/005
17 Vangueria madagascariensis J.F.Gmel. Rubiaceae Fruit El-Kirkir Used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and bacterial infections [61]. MAPRI-H.W.45/95
18 Ziziphus spina-christi L. Rhamnaceae Roots Sidir Used in the treatment of gonorrhea, fever, as anti-spasmodic and anti-purgative [17, 62]. MAPRI-H.Y.4/010