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Table 4 Inhibitory activities of ethanol extracts of medicinal plants on nitric oxide production and viability of LPS-activated RAW264.7 macrophages

From: In vitro pro-inflammatory enzyme inhibition and anti-oxidant potential of selected Sri Lankan medicinal plants

Plant name Nitric oxide production (μM) % NO inhibition % Cell viability
Sphaeranthus indicus 31.11 ± 0.17 9.46 ± 0.21a,b 87.21 ± 0.50
Acronychia pedunculata 30.39 ± 0.07 11.56 ± 0.21b 89.76 ± 0.35
Calophyllum innophyllum 23.67 ± 0.27 31.12 ± 0.78c 88.89 ± 0.82
Symplocos cochinchinesis 22.50 ± 0.28 34.52 ± 0.78c 82.15 ± 0.31
Tinospora cordifolia 32.89 ± 0.24 2.40 ± 0.69a 94.56 ± 2.57
Flacourtia indica 21.28 ± 0.32 38.07 ± 0.93c 87.31 ± 0.50
Leucus zeylanica 33.11 ± 0.24 3.63 ± 0.69a 93.02 ± 0.67
Barathranthus nodiflorus 31.22 ± 0.25 9.13 ± 0.72a,b 87.11 ± 1.16
Diospyros ebenum 29.08 ± 0.29 15.36 ± 0.85d 85.43 ± 1.22
Argyreia populifolia 27.64 ± 0.15 19.56 ± 0.43d 86.10 ± 0.61
L-NMMA 0.97 ± 0.12 97.10 ± 0.56e 97.54 ± 0.47
  1. Data represented as mean ± SE (N = 3). Mean within each column followed by the same letter are not significantly different at p < 0.05. *Inhibition (%) at the assay concentration of 500 μg/mL