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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients

From: Pulsatile dry cupping in chronic low back pain – a randomized three-armed controlled clinical trial

  Cupping
High pulsatile vacuum
n = 37
Mean ± SD / n (%)
Minimal Cupping
Low pulsatile vacuum
n = 36
Mean ± SD / n (%)
Control
n = 37
Mean ± SD / n (%)
Age [years] 49.0 ± 13.7 47.5 ± 13.8 50.7 ± 10.7
Gender (Male) 16 (43.2) 13 (36.1) 12 (32.4)
BMI 26.3 ± 4.3 25.0 ± 4.1 25.3 ± 4.7
Exercise (yes) 28 (75.7) 29 (80.6) 29 (78.4)
Duration of low back pain [years] 13.1 ± 9.3 15.8 ± 12.9 13.2 ± 11.2
Current drug intake because of low back pain 11 (29.7) 14 (38.9) 14 (37.8)
Current consultations because of low back pain 35 (94.6) 36 (100) 36 (97.3)
VAS pain intensity [mm]a 53.2 ± 7.4 60.3 ± 12.3 59.9 ± 12.8
FFbH-Rb 75.9 ± 16.3 72.2 ± 12.9 70.2 ± 18.7
SF-36    
Physical Component Summaryb 39.1 ± 8.4 38.2 ± 6.6 38.6 ± 8.5
Mental Component Summaryb 50.9 ± 10.4 50.2 ± 9.1 50.1 ± 10.0
  1. aLower values indicate better status, bhigher values indicate better status