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Table 1 Phytochemical characteristics of 17 Cree plant species

From: Anti-apoptotic potential of several antidiabetic medicinal plants of the eastern James Bay Cree pharmacopeia in cultured kidney cells

Latin Name of Plant Species Cree Name Common Name Plant Part Major Constituents with Antidiabetic Potential Other identified Phytochemicals
1. Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. Inaast Balsam fir Inner bark Dehydroabietic acid Limonene, Camphene, Trans-Zeatin, Dehydrojuvabione, Juvabione, (+)-Isojuvabiol, Abienol
2. Alnus incana subsp. rugosa (Du Roi) R.T. Clausen Atuuspiih Speckled alder Inner bark Oregonin Taraxerol, Taraxerone
3. Gaultheria hispidula (L.) Muhl. Piyeumanaan Creeping snowberry Leaves Not determined P-Coumaric acid, Myricetrin, Taxifolin glycoside, Rutin, Quercetin-3-galactoside, Quercetin-3-glucoside, Catechol
4. Juniperus communis L. Kaakaachuminatuk Ground Juniper Berries Not determined Afzelechin, Sciadopitysin, Longifolene, Scutellarein 6-xyloside, Bilobetin, 6-Hydroxyluteolin 6-xyloside, Quercetin 3-O-L-rhamnoside, Epiafzelechin, Junionone, Junipercomnoside A, Junipercomnoside B, (+)-Isocupressic acid, Communic acid, (+)-Junenol, (+)-Sugiol, Elliotinol, 1-(1,4-Dimethyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl) ethanone, Geijerone, Junicedral
5. Kalmia angustifolia L. Uischichipukw Sheep laurel Leaves Not determined Asebotin, Procyanidin A2, Quercetin glycoside, Myricetin
6. Larix laricina Du Roi (K. Koch) Waatinaakan Tamarack Inner bark Awashishinic acid, 13-epitorulosol, Rhapontigenin, Reaponticin Laricitrin 3-glucoside, Syringetin 3-glucoside
7. Lycopodium clavatum L. Pastinaakwaakin Common clubmoss Whole plant Not determined 8-beta-Hydroxylycopodine, Alpha-Obscurine, O-Acetylfawcettiine, Beta-Dihydrolycopodine, Beta-Lofoline, Lycodoline
8. Picea glauca (Moench) Voss Minhiikw White spruce Needles Not determined Astringin, Isorhapontigenin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, Piceatannol, Isorhapontigenin
9. Picea mariana (P. Mill.) BSP Iinaatikw Black spruce Cones Not determined Astringin, Isorhapontigenin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, Piceatannol, Isorhapontigenin
10. Pinus banksiana Lamb. Uschisk Jack pine Cones Not determined Pinobanksin, Cyanidin 3-O-glucoside, Pinosylvin, Pinosylvin methyl ether, Quercetin 3,3′-diglucoside, Kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-(6″-coumaroyl)-glucopyranoside, Helichrysoside, Peonidin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, Delphinidin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, Petunidin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside,
Oenin, 13-Epimanoyl oxide, Torulosol
11. Populus balsamifera L. Mash-mitush Balsam poplar Inner bark Salicortin A and B Acetophenone, (+)-alpha-Bisabolol, 2′,4′,6′-Trihydroxydihydrochalcone, 2′,6′-Dihydroxy-4′-methoxydihydrochalcone, 2′,4′,6′-Trihydroxy-4-methoxydihydrochalcone
12. Rhododendron groenlandicum (Oeder) Kron and Judd Kaachepukw Labrador tea Leaves Catechin and epicatechin Taxifolin, Procyanidin A, Dihydroquercetin, (2R,3R)-3,5,7,3′,4′,5’-Hexahydroxyflavanone, Pyrocatechuic acid, Grayanotoxin I, Procyanidin B2
13. Rhododendron tomentosum (Stokes) Harmaja subsp.  subarcticum (Harmaja) G. Wallace Wiisichipukw Northern Labrador tea Leaves Not determined Taxifolin, Procyanidin A, Dihydroquercetin, (2R,3R)-3,5,7,3′,4′,5’-Hexahydroxyflavanone, Pyrocatechuic acid, Grayanotoxin I, Taxifolin glycoside
14. Salix planifolia Pursh Piyeuwaatikw Tealeaf willow Inner bark Not determined Amentoflavone, Picein, Myrtillin, Catechin-(2′- > 2′)-taxifolin, Catechin-(4alpha- > 6)-epicatechin-(4beta- > 8)-epicatechin, Epicatechin-(4beta- > 6)-epicatechin-(4beta- > 8)-catechin,
15. Sarracenia purpurea L. Ayikataas Pitcher plant Whole plant Isorhamnetin-3-O –glucoside, Kaempferol-3-O-(6″-caffeoylglucoside), Quercetin-3-O-galactoside, Moroniside Histamine
16. Sorbus decora (Sarg.) C.K. Schneid. Maskumanaatikw Showy mountain ash Inner bark 23,28-dihydroxy-lup-
12-ene-3β -caffeate
Aucuparin
17. Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. Wiishichimanaanh Mountain cranberry Berries Quercetin, Quercetin-3-O -glucoside,
Quercetin-3-O –galactoside
Arbutin, Procyanidin A1, (+)-Catechin