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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients with or without Angelica sinensis exposure from 2002 to 2009 in Taiwan (n = 34,182)

From: Potential therapeutic effects of N-butylidenephthalide from Radix Angelica Sinensis (Danggui) in human bladder cancer cells

Variables Non-exposure
N (%)
Exposure
N (%)
p-value
Total 17,091 (50.0) 17,091 (50.0)  
Mean age,years(±SD) 53.8 ± 10.9 53.8 ± 10.9 1.00
Sex    1.00
 Male 6244 (36.5) 6244 (36.5)  
 Female 10,847 (63.5) 10,847 (63.5)  
CCIS score    <.0001
 Mean ± SD 0.40 ± 1.00 0.76 ± 1.43  
 0–1 15,523 (90.8) 14,174 (82.9)  
 2–3 1259 (7.4) 5157 (12.6)  
 Over 4 309 (1.8) 760 (4.5)  
Comborbidities    
 Diabetes mellitus 1181 (6.9) 1590 (9.3) <.0001
Socioeconomic status    <.0001
 Low SES(<=17,500) 7510 (43.9) 6954 (40.6)  
 ModerateSES (17,500~25,000) 5979 (35.0) 6249 (36.6)  
 High SES(> = 25,000) 3602 (21.1) 3897 (22.8)  
Urbanization    <.0001
 Urban 5428 (31.8) 5130 (30.0)  
 Suburban 7390 (43.2) 7872 (46.1)  
 Rural 4273 (25.0) 4089 (23.9)  
Geographic region    <.0001
 Northern 9090 (53.2) 6672 (39.0)  
 Central 2204 (12.9) 4728 (27.7)  
 Southern 5335 (31.2) 5319 (31.1)  
 Eastern 462 (2.7) 372 (2.2)