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Table 3 The most commonly used DS among medical students

From: Influence of pharmacological education on perceptions, attitudes and use of dietary supplements by medical students

Dietary supplements MSEP n (%) MSNEP n (%) Total n (%) p-valuea
Vitamin C 62 (32) 47 (33) 109 (33) 0.876
Propolis 47 (24) 15 (11) 62 (19) <0.001***
Vitamin B complex 28 (15) 32 (22) 60 (18) 0.061
Magnesium 28 (15) 18 (13) 46 (14) 0.617
Iron 19 (10) 24 (17) 43 (13) 0.059
Protein powder 30 (16) 11 (8) 41 (12) 0.030*
Fish oil 12 (6) 27 (19) 39 (12) <0.001***
Calcium 6 (3) 26 (18) 32 (10) <0.001***
Probiotics 12 (6) 12 (8) 24 (7) 0.441
Vitamin D 10 (5) 13 (9) 23 (7) 0.159
Creatine 10 (5) 8 (6) 18 (5) 0.865
Omega-3 fatty acid 6 (3) 9 (6) 15 (4) 0.161
Echinacea 12 (6) 0 (0) 12 (4) 0.002**
Ginger 4 (2) 7 (5) 11 (3) 0.150
Ginkgo biloba 6 (3) 3 (2) 9 (3) 0.572
Vitamin B6 4 (2) 5 (4) 9 (3) 0.422
Selenium 4 (2) 2 (1) 6 (2) 0.646
Coenzyme Q10 4 (2) 3 (2) 7 (2) 0.985
Folic acid 4 (2) 2 (1) 6 (2) 0.646
  1. a p values determined using chi square
  2. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001 – MSEP vs. MSNEP