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Table 3 Case scenarios

From: Pediatric training and practice of Canadian chiropractic and naturopathic doctors: a 2004–2014 comparative study

  Chiropractic Doctors (DC) Naturopathic Doctors (ND) DC vs. ND
2004 2014 2004 vs. 2014 2004 2014 2004 vs. 2014
Case 1:
Colitis
Their care will help the patient. n (%) Not at all 7 (5) 19 (5.6) p = .71a 0 0 p = .54a 2004: p < .001 a
2014: p< .001 a
somewhat 64 (43) 132 (38.9) 25 (16) 13 (13)
very much 79 (53) 188 (55.5) 127 (84) 83 (87)
Average number of office visits needed for improvement.
mean (SD) / range
  4 (3) 4.3 (2.9) p = .31b 2 (1) 2.0 (0.9) p = .87b 2004: p< .001 b
2014: p < .001 b
0–18 0–21 0–8 0–6
Patient will benefit from concurrent treatment. n (%) Not at all 52 (34) 112 (34.0) p = .082a 42 (30) 39 (42) p = .11a 2004: p = .054a
2014: p = .30a
somewhat 85 (56) 162 (49.2) 73 (51) 44 (47)
very much 14 (9) 55 (16.7) 27 (19) 11 (12)
Would refer patient to another practitioner. n (%) yes 76 (52) 215 (64.0) p = .017 a 95 (63) 57 (60) p = .60a 2004: p = .058a
2014: p = .48a
no 69 (48) 121 (36.0) 55 (37) 38 (40)
Case 2:
Otitus media
Their care will help the patient. n (%) Not at all 0c 53 (15.5) 0 0 p = .64a 2004: –
2014: p< .001 a
somewhat 131 (38.3) 6 (4) 5 (5)
very much 158 (46.2) 147 (96) 92 (95)
Average number of office visits needed for improvement.
mean (SD) / range
  0c 3.8 (2.9) 2 (1) 1.6 (0.7) p= .002 b 2004: –
2014: p< .001 b
  0–21 0–5 0–5
Patient will benefit from concurrent treatment. n (%) Not at all 0c 46 (13.6) 20 (15) 24 (25) p = .008 a 2004: –
2014: p< .001 a
somewhat 148 (43.9) 84 (61) 62 (65)
very much 143 (42.4) 34 (25) 10 (10)
Would refer patient to another practitioner. n (%) yes 0c 273 (81.7) 77 (52) 56 (58) p = .31a 2004: –
2014: p< .001 a
no 61 (18.3) 72 (48) 40 (42)
Case 3:
Febrile neonate
Their care will help the patient. n (%) Not at all 42 (27) 135 (41.4) p = .005 a 26 (18) 31 (33) p< .001 a 2004: p = .095a
2014: p < .001 a
somewhat 77 (49) 118 (36.2) 70 (49) 59 (62)
very much 38 (24) 72 (22.1) 48 (33) 5 (5)
Average number of office visits needed for improvement
mean (SD) / range
  0d 1.4 (2.1) 0d 0.4 (0.8) 2004: –
2014: p  < .001 b
0–21 0–5
Patient will benefit from concurrent treatment. n (%) Not at all 10 (6) 31 (9.5) p = .49a 2 (1) 2 (2) p = .15a 2004: p = .043 a
2014: p< .001 a
somewhat 26 (17) 54 (16.6) 19 (13) 5 (5)
very much 122 (77) 241 (73.9) 128 (86) 88 (93)
Would refer patient to another practitioner. n (%) yes 150 (95) 290 (91.5) p = .17a 153 (98) 94 (99) p = .59a 2004: p = .13a
2014: p = .011 a
no 8 (5) 27 (8.5) 3 (2) 1 (1)
  1. a: chi-squared tests. b: t-tests. c: In 2014, the DC case study was changed to match the ND case study for comparison between the professions. d: In 2004, this question was not asked. Bold items are statistically significant