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Table 5 Effects of the chloroform and methanol fractions of Moringa stenopetala on carrageenan- induced paw edema and percent inhibition from increase in paw volume

From: Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of solvent fractions of the leaves of Moringa stenopetala Bak. (Moringaceae) in mice models

  Change in paw volume (ml) and percent inhibition (%)
Group 0 h 1 h % 2 h % 3 h % 4 h % 5 h %
TE 0.43 ± 0.01 0.57 ± 0.01 0.73 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.81 ± 0.02 0.88 ± 0.04
ASA 0.42 ± 0.01 0.51 ± 0.02a3c1d1 36.1 0.53 ± 0.01a3c3d3g3 63.9 0.58 ± 0.02a3c3d3h1 50.8 0.64 ± 0.01a3c3d3g3 42.6 0.67 ± 0.01a3c3d3g3 45.3
CF 100 0.43 ± 0.01 0.57 ± 0.01 4.5 0.68 ± 0.01 15.1 0.72 ± 0.03 11.4 0.79 ± 0.01 4.8 0.85 ± 0.01 6.3
CF 200 0.44 ± 0.01 0.56 ± 0.01 7.7 0.67 ± 0.01 18.2 0.72 ± 0.02 12.9 0.78 ± 0.02 9.5 0.85 ± 0.01 9.2
CF 400 0.45 ± 0.01 0.58 ± 0.01 2.3 0.67 ± 0.01a1h3 24.4 0.70 ± 0.01a1h1 22.8 0.76 ± 0.01a2f1h3 18.0 0.80 ± 0.01a3h3 20.8
MF 100 0.42 ± 0.01 0.54 ± 0.01 11.3 0.63 ± 0.02a3h1 26.8 0.67 ± 0.01a3b3 24.0 0.71 ± 0.01a3h1 22.8 0.76 ± 0.01a3h2 23.4
MF 200 0.45 ± 0.01 0.57 ± 0.01 3.8 0.64 ± 0.01a3h2 33.0 0.69 ± 0.01a2b3 25.2 0.73 ± 0.01a3h2 25.4 0.78 ± 0.01a3h3 26.3
MF 400 0.44 ± 0.01 0.54 ± 0.02 21.8 0.58 ± 0.01a3 52.2 0.64 ± 0.02a3b1 37.2 0.68 ± 0.03a3e3 36.8 0.71 ± 0.01a3 39.7
  1. Values are expressed as Mean ± S.E.M (n = 6); aagainst the control, bagainst the standard drug, cagainst CF100, dagainst CF200, eagainst CF400, fagainst MF 100, gagainst MF 200, hagainst MF 400. 1 P < 0.05, 2 P < 0.01, 3 P < 0.001; TE tween 80, ASA: aspirin, CF and MF refers to chloroform and methanol fractions of Moringa stenopetala respectively; control received 2% Tween 80, 10 ml/kg, whereas:ASA, standard received Aspirin 100 mg/kg orally; Numbers refer to dose in mg/kg