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Table 3 Influence by factor in prognosis determination and importance of individual interventions for LSS

From: Survey of integrative lumbar spinal stenosis treatment in Korean medicine doctors: preliminary data for clinical practice guidelines

Treatment methods Short term (8 weeks) importance Long term (1 year) importance
  mean ± SD mean ± SD
Herbal medicine 6.0 ± 1.1 6.6 ± 0.7
Bee venom pharmacopuncture 6.1 ± 1.0 5.7 ± 1.2
Pharmacopuncture 6.0 ± 0.9 5.7 ± 1.1
Acupuncture 5.8 ± 1.0 5.6 ± 1.2
Chuna manipulation 5.4 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3
Cupping 4.5 ± 1.5 4.1 ± 1.5
Moxibustion 4.0 ± 1.6 4.3 ± 1.7
  1. LSS lumbar spinal stenosis