Skip to main content

Table 5 In vitro α-amylase inhibition of Cynara scolymus leaves extract and acarbose commercial drug

From: Protective effects of Cynara scolymus leaves extract on metabolic disorders and oxidative stress in alloxan-diabetic rats

Sample Concentration (μg/mL) % Inhibition IC 50 (μg/mL)
Acarbose 50 31.05 ± 0.08 14.83
100 67.40 ± 0.59
200 90.35 ± 0.31
Hexane 50 17.46 ± 0.05 -
100 25.63 ± 0.19
200 30.11 ± 0.28
Ethylacetate 50 29.90 ± 0.86 -
100 33.79 ± 1.20
200 47.50 ± 1.43
Butanol 50 53.09 ± 0.88 82.19
100 60.83 ± 1.02
200 79.08 ± 0.97
Ethanol 50 50.18 ± 0.58 72.22
100 69.23 ± 0.84
200 83.71 ± 0.77
Aqueous 50 46.91 ± 1.27 95.78
100 52.20 ± 0.99
200 66.24 ± 1.13
  1. Values are given as means ± S.D. (n = 3)