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Table 7 Albumin denaturation, membrane protection/stabilization and proteinase inhibition potential of methanol extract of the selected plant species

From: Antimicrobial activity, toxicity and anti-inflammatory potential of methanolic extracts of four ethnomedicinal plant species from Punjab, Pakistan

Test sample    Percent inhibition  
  Conc. (μg/mL) Albumin denaturation Membrane protection Proteinase inhibition
  25 29.7 ± 1.4 26.1 ± 0.9 26 ± 0.8
A. indica 50 37.1 ± 1.5 29.4 ± 1.1 28.8 ± 1.1
  100 46.8 ± 1.2 35.7 ± 1.0 35.1 ± 1.1
  200 61.4 ± 1.0 44.6 ± 1.2 43.9 ± 1.5
IC50   129 ± 4.6 247 ± 5.4 256 ± 5.4
Aspirin   84.5 ± 1.1 93.7 ± 1.0 97.1 ± 1.1
  25 43.1 ± 0.8 31.9 ± 0.9 30 ± 1.0
C. pedicellata 50 59.5 ± 0.9 37 ± 1.2 34.8 ± 1.3
  100 65.6 ± 1.1 47.6 ± 1.3 42.9 ± 1.3
  200 73.3 ± 1.3 54.5 ± 1.3 52.1 ± 1.5
IC50   28 ± 1.1 151 ± 5.0 175 ± 5.2
Aspirin   91.8 ± 1.1 110.9 ± 1.3 117.1 ± 1.3
  25 17.7 ± 1.5 16.7 ± 1.0 16 ± 1.1
M. indicus 50 25.3 ± 1 23.8 ± 1.2 21.9 ± 1.2
  100 33.6 ± 1.5 24.9 ± 1.4 23.9 ± 1.5
  200 48.7 ± 1.5 29.8 ± 1.4 27.6 ± 1.5
IC50   203 ± 5.6 510 ± 6.6 577 ± 7.2
Aspirin   86.2 ± 0.9 95 ± 1.2 105.2 ± 1.3
  25 39.1 ± 1 30.1 ± 1.0 28.5 ± 1.1
T. terrestris (fruit) 50 57.6 ± 1.1 45 ± 1.1 43.6 ± 1.2
  100 63.4 ± 1.3 59.7 ± 1.3 59 ± 1.3
  200 71.8 ± 1.5 68.8 ± 1.5 67.9 ± 1.5
IC50   43 ± 1.3 89 ± 2.4 95 ± 2.7
Aspirin   89.2 ± 1.1 95.4 ± 1.2 99.9 ± 1.3
  25 30.7 ± 1.0 28.3 ± 0. 8 27.8 ± 0.9
T. terrestris (leaf) 50 38.3 ± 1.1 30.1 ± 1.0 29.4 ± 1.0
  100 48.3 ± 1.1 37.3 ± 1.3 36.4 ± 1.3
  200 63.6 ± 1.3 51.1 ± 1.5 49 ± 1.6
IC50   120 ± 3.9 193 ± 4.8 209 ± 5.6
Aspirin   84.2 ± 1.2 96.8 ± 1.3 99.7 ± 1.4
  1. Values are means ± SD (n = 3)