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Table 5 Fatty acid composition (percentage of total identified fatty acids) of the pancreas of the experimental groups1

From: Changes in pancreatic histology, insulin secretion and oxidative status in diabetic rats following treatment with Ficus deltoidea and vitexin

Fatty acids composition (%) Groups
NC DC DMET DFD DV
Saturated fatty acid (SFA)
 Myristic acid (C14:0) 0.93 ± 0.89 0.86 ± 0.52 0.93 ± 0.51 0.82 ± 0.28 1.04 ± 0.38
 Palmitic acid (C16:0) 22.97 ± 0.30 24.24 ± 5.24 24.67 ± 3.02 23.04 ± 3.12 25.52 ± 4.37
 Stearic acid (C18:0) 3.38 ± 1.79a 11.42 ± 4.08b 7.64 ± 2.38ab 6.96 ± 0.18ab 11.33 ± 3.01b
 total SFA 27.28 ± 1.82 36.52 ± 9.06 33.24 ± 4.33 30.83 ± 3.22 37.88 ± 7.33
Monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)
 Palmitoleic acid (C16:1n7) 2.32 ± 0.19 0.44 ± 0.21 1.54 ± 1.96 0.93 ± 0.60 1.14 ± 0.88
 Oleic acid (C18:1n9) 36.83 ± 3.28b 22.00 ± 9.22a 27.35 ± 3.74ab 29.99 ± 2.52ab 21.67 ± 7.40a
 total MUFA 39.15 ± 3.30b 22.44 ± 9.16a 28.89 ± 4.98ab 30.92 ± 2.63ab 22.81 ± 6.80a
n-6 PUFA
 Linoleic acid (C18:2n6) 30.34 ± 1.43 29.42 ± 5.78 28.66 ± 7.23 31.33 ± 3.31 23.44 ± 7.76
 γ-Linolenic acid (C18:3n6) 0.22 ± 0.05 0.92 ± 0.50 0.63 ± 0.16 0.72 ± 0.19 1.01 ± 0.56
 Arachidonic acid (C20:4n6) 1.27 ± 1.10 6.71 ± 4.63 4.69 ± 4.80 2.67 ± 1.28 8.69 ± 5.30
 total n-6 PUFA 31.82 ± 1.69 37.05 ± 1.37 33.98 ± 7.17 34.73 ± 1.92 33.14 ± 2.70
n-3 PUFA
 α- Linolenic acid (C18:3n3) 1.08 ± 0.89 1.52 ± 0.06 1.54 ± 0.21 1.62 ± 0.17 2.30 ± 0.98
 Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5n3) 0.17 ± 0.05 0.22 ± 0.14 0.67 ± 0.47 0.60 ± 0.36 0.99 ± 0.58
 Docosapentaenoic acid (C22:5n3) 0.29 ± 0.09 1.49 ± 0.55 0.99 ± 0.48 0.63 ± 0.12 1.67 ± 0.88
 Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6n3) 0.20 ± 0.06 0.76 ± 0.18 0.69 ± 0.38 0.68 ± 0.32 1.22 ± 0.84
 total n-3 PUFA 1.75 ± 0.91a 3.99 ± 0.57ab 3.89 ± 1.09ab 3.53 ± 0.83a 6.17 ± 2.22b
 n-6: n-3 24.60 ± 18.81 9.18 ± 1.40 9.39 ± 4.50 10.10 ± 3.06 6.22 ± 3.87
  1. Values are mean ± 1SD at n = 3. Different superscripts a,b, in a column differed significantly at p < 0.05. 1The data are expressed as the percentage of total identified fatty acids