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Table 3 17-Item Hamilton Scale for Depression: Differences between baseline and T1 (after 4 interventions) and T2 (4 weeks after treatment) in the hyperthermic bath group compared to the placebo group (intention-to-treat population;a N = 36)

From: Effects of hyperthermic baths on depression, sleep and heart rate variability in patients with depressive disorder: a randomized clinical pilot trial

   T1     T2   
  HTB Group (n = 17) Placebo Group (n = 19) P § Cohen
dc
HTB Group (n = 17) Placebo Group (n = 19) P § Cohen
dc
1HAM-Dtotal score b 4.35 (6.3) 1.21 (3.7) 0.037 * 0.62 [-0.05-1.29] 4.82 (7.3) 3.26 (5.7) 0.238 0.24 [-0.42-0.90]
2HAM-Dinsomnia b 0.94 (1.8) 0.16 (1.0) 0.053 0.55 [-0.11-1.22] 0.88 (1.7) 0.58 (1.8) 0.306 0.17 [-0.49-0.83]
2HAM-Dmood b 2.35 (3.2) 0.84 (2.2) 0.054 0.55 [-0.12-1.22] 2.82 (3.8) 1.74 (2.5) 0.156 0.33 [-0.33-0.99]
2HAM-Dsomatic b 0.59 (1.0) 0.21 (1.4) 0.182 0.31 [-0.35-0.97] 0.71 (1.4) 0.58 (1.4) 0.390 0.09 [-0.56-0.75]
  1. Abbreviations: HTB hyperthermic baths, HAM-D Hamilton Scale for Depression
  2. aThe intention-to-treat analysis used last-observation-carried-forward
  3. bIndicates differences between HTB and placebo in the change from T0 to T1/T2 to each patient’s own end point for the change in depression rating
  4. cComputed as the difference between the means, M2 – M1, divided by the pooled standard deviation, sigma (σpooled) of both groups. [95% confidence interval]
  5. Data are shown as mean and standard deviation (SD)
  6. §1-tailed t test
  7. 1Primary outcome
  8. 2Secondary outcome
  9. *P < .05