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Table 4 Anthropometric and metabolic parameters in study groups before and after treatment

From: The effects of Spirulina Platensis on anthropometric indices, appetite, lipid profile and serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in obese individuals: a randomized double blinded placebo controlled trial

Variable Treatment Groups P
Spirulina platensis Percent change Placebo Percent change  
Weight(kg) Before 89.62 ± 11.54 1.79 87.66 ± 13.64 0.71 0.007
After 88.01 ± 11.42   87.03 ± 13.70   
P† <0.001   0.09   
WC(cm) Before 98.89 ± 8.48 1.40 101.07 ± 9.56 0.66 0.059
After 97.50 ± 8.39 100.40 ± 9.77    
P† 0.00 0.003    
BMI (kg/m2) Before 33.35 ± 2.81 −1.90 32.71 ± 3.18 −0.73 0.005
After 32.71 ± 2.80   32.47 ± 3.24   
P† <0.001   0.01   
VEGF(ng/l) Before 3.22 ± 0.37 0.14 3.20 ± 0.28 0.25 0.580
after 3.22 ± 0.37   3.21 ± 0.29   
P† 0.775   0.735   
TG(mg/dl) Before 144.13 ± 57.57 −3.84 156.14 ± 79.01 −7.31 0.486
after 136.65 ± 60.80   140.88 ± 72.73   
P† 0.365   0.052   
LDL(mg/dl) Before 116.27 ± 34.79 −2.06 119.90 ± 21.69 −2.05 0.725
after 115.42 ± 28.61   116.68 ± 21.31   
P† 0.886   0.196   
HDL(mg/dl) Before 36.55 ± 10.21 1.73 34.88 ± 11.56 4.36 0.385
after 38.75 ± 8.84   38.37 ± 9.44   
P† 0.05   0.001   
TC(mg/dl) Before 190.48 ± 35.25 −4.67 187.25 ± 27.10 −2.18 0.123
after 180.10 ± 31.13   183.03 ± 28.07   
P† 0.002   0.09   
Appetite Before 211.03 ± 31.68 −4.16 191.29 ± 33.95 2.44 0.001
after 202.06 ± 34.13   195 ± 33.25   
P† 0.008   0.064   
  1. WC waist circumference, BMI body mass index, VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor, TG triglyceride, LDL low density lipoprotein, HDL high density lipoprotein, TC total cholesterol
  2. P values for paired t-test; ‡ P values obtained by the comparison of mean differences by independent sample t-test. The statistically significant values are presented as italic digits