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Table 3 Fatty acid composition of Anethum sowa L. root extract (cold and hot extracts) by GC

From: Chemical composition and pharmacological significance of Anethum Sowa L. Root

Fatty acid compounds Cold extract Hot extract
R t IA Relative percentage R t IA Relative percentage
1. aMyristic acid (C14:0) 9.74 31956 5.24 9.751 407 0.17
2. aPalmitic acid (C16:0) 13.33 205940 33.81 13.334 74176 31.58
3. aStearic acid (C18:0) 16.17 30015 4.93 16.176 9810 4.17
4. cOleic acid (C18:1) 15.83 5392 0.89 15.830 41976 17.87
5. bLinoleic acid (C 18:2) 15.75 182845 30.03 15.754 55875 23.79
6. aArachidic Acid (C20:0) 18.80 15831 2.60 18.809 4541 1.93
7. aBehenic acid (C22:0) 21.24 77302 12.70 21.242 23580 10.04
8. aLignoceric acid (C24:0) (Tetracosanoic acid) 23.61 59715 9.80 23.612 24456 10.45
Total 608996 100   234821 100
aSaturated (%)   69.08    58.34
bPoly-unsaturated (%)   30.03    23.79
cMono-unsaturated (%)   0.89    17.87
PUFA/SFA   0.43    0.40
AI   1.771    0.77
TI   2.84    1.72
  1. R t Retention time, IA Individual Area, AI Anthrogenic Index, TI Thrombogenicity Index, PUFA Poly-unsaturated fatty acids, SFA Saturated fatty acids
  2. aSaturated, bPoly-unsaturated, cMono-unsaturated
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