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Table 8 Anti-Pharaoh investigations of P. hydropiper extracts and saponins

From: Chemical profiling, antimicrobial and insecticidal evaluations of Polygonum hydropiper L

Samples Dose (mg/ml) Total treated No. Repeated Average lethality Percent lethality LC50 (mg/ml)
Crude (Ph.Cr) 12.5 20 3 8.66 ± 0.66 43.30 33.54
25 20 9.00 ± 1.15 45.00
50 20 12.66 ± 2.33 63.30
n-Hexane (Ph.Hex) 12.5 20 3 5.00 ± 0.57 25.00 54.82
25 20 7.66 ± 0.88 38.30
50 20 9.33 ± 0.88 46.65
Chloroform (Ph.Chf) 12.5 20 3 16.66 ± 1.33 83.30 <0.01
25 20 17.33 ± 0.66 86.65
50 20 19.33 ± 0.88 96.65
Ethyl acetate (Ph.EtAc) 12.5 20 3 12.00 ± 0.00 60.00 5.91
25 20 14.00 ± 1.15 70.00
50 20 15.66 ± 0.33 78.30
Aqueous (Ph.Aq) 12.5 20 3 9.66 ± 1.20 48.30 17.17
25 20 10.66 ± 1.33 53.30
50 20 12.33 ± 0.88 61.65
Butanol (Ph.Bt) 12.5 20 3 12.00 ± 1.15 60.00 6.13
25 20 13.66 ± 0.88 68.30
50 20 15.66 ± 0.66 78.30
(Saponins) Ph.Sp 12.5 20 3 18.66 ± 0.33 93.30 <0.01
25 20 20.00 ± 0.00 100.00
50 20 20.00 ± 0.00 100.00
Positive Control 12.5 25 3 25.00 ± 0.00 100.0 <0.01
25 25 25.00 ± 0.00 100.0
50 25 25.00 ± 0.00 100.0
Negative Control --- 25 3 0.00 0.00 0.00
  1. Negative Control: Distilled Water; Positive Control: Permethrin