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Table 1 Characteristics of subjects and body composition parameter using body composition analyzer

From: Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) of the association of the Japanese Kampo concept “Suidoku” (fluid disturbance) and the body composition of women

  Non-suidoku group (n = 100) Suidoku group
Splashing sound group (n = 24) Edema group (n = 12)
Age (years) 59.8 ± 14.0 46.1 ± 18.1 * 59.5 ± 18.4
Height (cm) 153.6 ± 5.7 159.1 ± 8.0 * 154.9 ± 6.4
Body weight (kg) 50.8 ± 7.8 47.4 ± 5.7 * 58.1 ± 9.6 *
Percent body fat (%) 30.8 ± 6.9 24.9 ± 5.2 34.6 ± 6.9
ECW/TBW
 Arms 0.381 ± 0.004 0.380 ± 0.004 0.382 ± 0.004
 Trunk 0.391 ± 0.006 0.390 ± 0.006 0.392 ± 0.006
 Legs 0.393 ± 0.007 0.392 ± 0.008 0.395 ± 0.008
Muscle Mass Index (kg/m2)
 Arms 1.3 ± 0.2 1.2 ± 0.2 1.4 ± 0.2
 Trunk 6.5 ± 0.7 6.0 ± 0.5 6.8 ± 0.6
 Legs 4.4 ± 0.5 4.4 ± 0.5 4.8 ± 0.6
 VFA 9.2 ± 3.0 5.7 ± 2.9 10.3 ± 3.6
BMI (kg/m2) 21.6 ± 3.4 18.7 ± 1.9 24.2 ± 3.5
  1. mean ± S.D
  2. ECW/TBW Extracellular Water / Total body Water, VFA visceral fat area, BMI body weight divided by the square of body height (kg/m2)
  3. *p < 0.05 vs non-suidoku group, Wilcoxon rank sum test. Performed at Age, Height and Body weight