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Table 3 The effects of extracts on sperm characteristics and abnormal sperm rate (%) in rats

From: Comparative evaluation of the sexual functions and NF-κB and Nrf2 pathways of some aphrodisiac herbal extracts in male rats

Item Groups -- P --
Control Sildenafil Mucuna pruriens Tribulus terrestris Ashwagandha
Total Motility,% 75.00 ± 5.49bc 80.00 ± 4.16b 80.00 ± 4.16b 84.29 ± 5.34a 78.00 ± 5.37b <0.05
Count * 110.33 ± 37.78b 146.29 ± 21.55a 148.57 ± 31.45a 161.42 ± 36.11a 154.80 ± 10.55a <0.05
Abnormal sperm rate, %
 Head 5.00 ± 3.85 3.71 ± 2.56 4.43 ± 2.76 3.00 ± 1.53 5.40 ± 2.88 >0.05
 Tail 5.17 ± 2.14 4.86 ± 1.35 5.00 ± 2.45 3.86 ± 1.68 7.40 ± 3.21 >0.05
 Total 10.17 ± 4.71 8.57 ± 2.37 9.43 ± 3.82 6.86 ± 2.11 12.80 ± 5.31 >0.05
  1. Control, no treatment; Sildenafil, rats treated with Sildenafil (5 mg/kg/d); Mucuna, rats treated with Mucuna pruriens (300 mg/kg bw); Tribulus; rats treated with Tribulus terrestris (300 mg/kg bw); Ashwagandha; rats treated with Ashwagandha (300 mg/kg bw). Data are LS means ± SE (n = 7). Different superscripts in the same row (a–c) indicate group mean differences (p < 0.05). *Million/right cauda epididymis