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Table 2 A Coding framework for the findings relating to the study of THPs roles

From: The role of traditional health practitioners in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: generic or mode specific?

Category Description Content codes Examples from transcripts
Typology Type of healing practitioner ISangoma_associated to ancestral spirits, is a diviner 1.“……All the ones I have mentioned are all Sangomas. There are many of them, I have just mentioned a few of them” (Male, Interview 3)
INyanga _acquires knowledge of healing using plants, herbs and animal parts, is a herbalist
2. “…..there is someone that I know who is a Sangoma, and we are coming from the same family. She also works both as Umthandazi and Inyanga like me” (Female, FGD1, Traditional healer)
UMthandazi _associated to religion & ancestral spirits, is a spiritualist/faith healer
Calling Initiation Training Process or journey of being appointed to become a traditional healer which includes training & completion (graduation). The process is characterised by performing different activities and rituals Spiritual 1.“This Spirit just comes to you unexpectedly. It comes as a messenger, the Holy Spirit just comes down to you and you will not have an idea of what happened to you” (Female, FGD1, Traditional healer)
Personal Choice
Training Institution
Healing Practice Process that a healer & patient go through to identify, explain, discuss & negotiate appropriate treatment with patient. Causation 1.“ The patient told me that umndawe [spirit] is high and he needs to start doing amagobongo [traditional ritual]. He was giving me an instruction as a healer! I am the one who is supposed to know what is wrong with him, and what help he needs, I am not supposed to take instructions from him. (Female, FGD 3, Traditional healers)