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Table 4 Top 10 herbal ingredients contained in PFS taken by consumers responding “body weight” while “dieting-for-overweight/obesity”a

From: Usage of Plant Food Supplements (PFS) for weight control in six European countries: results from the PlantLIBRA PFS Consumer Survey 2011-2012

Herbal ingredients consumed PFS (n) % (CI 95 %)
Cynara scolymus (artichoke) 27 8.6 (5.5-11.7)
Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) 13 4.1 (1.9-6.3)
Ananas comosus (pineapple) 11 3.5 (1.5-5.5)
Matricaria chamomilla (Hungarian camomile) 10 3.2 (1.2-5.1)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 9 2.9 (1.0-4.7)
Fucus vesiculosus (kelp) 8 2.5 (0.8-4.3)
Raphanus sativus (radish) 8 2.5 (0.8-4.3)
Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) 8 2.5 (0.8-4.3)
Camellia sinensis (green tea) 7 2.2 (0.6-3.9)
Carica papaya (papaya) 7 2.2 (0.6-3.89)
  1. aSubsample 3: at least one of the options chosen included “body weight and at least one of the options chosen included “dieting-for-overweight/obesity”