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Table 1 Sample characteristics, overall and by response to question on “reasons” to take the PFS producta

From: Usage of Plant Food Supplements (PFS) for weight control in six European countries: results from the PlantLIBRA PFS Consumer Survey 2011-2012

Characteristics All categories Total (n = 2359) Did not respond body weight (n = 2119, 89.8 %) Responded body weightc (n = 240, 10.2 %)  
   n % n % n % χ 2 p-value*
Gender Males 1141 48.4 1055 49.8 86 35.8 0.000
  Females 1218 51.6 1064 50.2 154 64.2  
Age (years) 18-59 1764 74.8 1578 74.5 186 77.5 0.306
  ≥60 595 25.2 541 25.5 54 22.5  
Country Finland 401 17.0 364 17.2 37 15.4 0.000
  Germany 398 16.9 362 17.1 36 15.0  
  Italy 378 16.0 345 16.3 33 13.8  
  Romania 400 17.0 375 17.7 25 10.4  
  Spain 402 17.0 305 14.4 97 40.4  
  United Kingdom 380 16.1 368 17.4 12 5.0  
BMI (kg/m2) <25 1185 50.2 1089 51.4 96 40.0 0.001
  ≥25 1174 49.8 1030 48.6 144 60.0  
Education Low 249 10.6 223 10.5 26 10.8 0.109
  Medium 1549 65.7 1379 65.1 170 70.8  
  High 561 23.8 517 24.4 44 18.3  
Employment Currently employed 1357 57.5 1210 57.1 147 61.3 0.218
  Other groups 1002 42.5 909 42.9 93 38.7  
Dieting Not dieting for ove/obeb 2247 95.2 2074 97.9 173 72.1 0.000
  Dieting for ove/obeb 112 4.8 45 2.1 67 27.9  
Physical activity Low 1214 51.5 1067 50.4 147 61.3 0.006
  Moderate 1033 43.8 950 44.8 83 34.6  
  High 112 4.7 102 4.8 10 4.2  
Smoking habit Never smoker 1100 46.6 1005 47.4 95 39.6 0.032
  Former smoker 544 23.1 488 23.0 56 23.3  
  Current smoker 715 30.3 626 29.5 89 37.1  
Alcohol consumption 0- < 1 time/day 1398 82.5 1251 82.0 147 87.5 0.074
  ≥1 time/day 296 17.5 275 18.0 21 12.5  
   Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD t-test p-value*
Food frequency (times/day) Fruit 1.34 1.04 1.35 1.06 1.25 0.94 ns
  Vegetable 0.95 0.91 0.94 0.91 1.01 0.93 ns
  Bakery and pastries 0.49 0.96 0.51 0.99 0.3 0.62 0.002
  Soft drinks 1.07 1.79 1.11 1.83 0.79 1.33 0.011
  Fast food 0.09 0.26 0.09 0.27 0.08 0.14 ns
  1. aQuestion asked: For what reason(s)/condition(s) did you take this product? (mark all that apply) - twenty possible options were available. Variable categories: 1) did not respond “body weight”, 2) responded “body weight”; bOve/obe: overweight/obesity; cResponded “body weight” among other reasons
  2. *p < 0.05 for significance