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Table 5 Percentage of users for each herbal medicine preparation

From: Herbal medicine use behaviour in Australian adults who experience anxiety: a descriptive study

Herbal medicine Herbal medicine preparation type % (n)a
Tea Powder Tablet Liquid extract In a formula Other
Bacopa 21.4 (3) 0 (0) 14.3 (2) 14.3 (2) 50 (4) 50 (7)
Chamomile 89.7 (157) 1.7 (3) 3.4 (6) 3.4 (6) 25.6 (44) 1.7 (3)
Ginkgo 32.8 (21) 7.8 (5) 37.5 (24) 7.8 (5) 56.4 (31) 14.1 (9)
Ginseng (Korean or Siberian) 30.3 (27) 7.9 (7) 33.7 (30) 13.5 (12) 43.6 (34) 14.6 (13)
Gotu kola 8.7 (2) 4.3 (1) 4.3 (1) 4.3 (1) 66.7 (4) 78.3 (18)
Kava 16.7 (5) 6.7 (2) 16.7 (5) 3.3 (1) 35.7 (5) 56.7 (17)
Lavender 20 (28) 7.9 (11) 3.6 (5) 34.3 (48) 23.8 (31) 34.3 (48)
Lemon balm 44.9 (22) 6.1 (3) 4.1 (2) 12.2 (6) 42.4 (14) 32.7 (16)
Liquorice 40.9 (18) 59.1 (26) 0 (0) 0 (0) 36.4 (16) 0 (0)
Oats 10.3 (8) 28.2 (22) 7.7 (6) 10.3 (8) 32.3 (20) 43.6 (34)
Passionflower 23.5 (12) 3.9 (2) 19.6 (10) 7.8 (4) 71.4 (20) 45.1 (23)
Rhodiola 8.1 (3) 5.4 (2) 16.2 (6) 2.7 (1) 75 (9) 67.6 (25)
Skullcap 9.4 (3) 3.1 (1) 3.1 (1) 6.3 (2) 62.5 (5) 78.1 (25)
St John’s wort 6 (6) 1 (1) 61 (61) 9 (9) 33.8 (26) 23 (23)
Valerian 4.8 (5) 1 (1) 70.5 (74) 2.9 (3) 33.7 (28) 21 (22)
Withania 14.3 (5) 8.6 (3) 5.7 (2) 0 (0) 60 (6) 71.4 (25)
Zizyphus 3.2 (1) 0 (0) 9.7(3) 3.2 (1) 66.7 (4) 83.9 (26)
Other 14.4 (15) 0 (0) 19.2 (20) 6.7 (7) 17.7 (14) 59.6 (62)
  1. aReported as percentage of users of each herb in previous 12 months
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