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Table 3 Gender- and health specific use and effect of CAM

From: Use of complementary and alternative medicine in patients with health complaints attributed to former dental amalgam fillings

  Use of CAM    Good effect of CAM   Use of CAM    Good effect of CAM  
  Men Women p-value Men Women p-value Normal to good health Poor health p-value Normal to good health Poor health p-value
  % (n) % (n)   % (n) % (n)   % (n) % (n)   % (n) % (n)  
Overall CAM use 95.7 (88) 86.2 (200) 0.015     89.9 (179) 88.3 (106) 0.650*    
Alternative medical systems 68.5 (63) 68.5 (159) 0.992     64.3 (128) 75.8 (91) 0.032*    
 Homeopathy 56.5 (52) 53.0 (123) 0.568 52.3 (23) 59.8 (58) 0.403* 50.3 (100) 60.0 (72) 0.091* 68.4 (54) 42.4 (25) 0.002*
 Acupuncture 48.9 (45) 48.7 (113) 0.973 33.3 (13) 41.1 (39) 0.405* 46.2 (92) 54.2 (65) 0.170* 49.3 (37) 25.9 (15) 0.006*
 Ear acupuncture 31.5 (29) 33.2 (77) 0.851 32.0 (8) 41.7 (25) 0.405* 34.2 (68) 30.8 (37) 0.539* 43.4 (23) 29.0 (9) 0.191*
Mind-body interventions 14.1 (13) 16.8 (39) 0.553     15.1 (30) 18.3 (22) 0.445*    
 Thoughtfield therapy 10.9 (10) 12.5 (29) 0.684 42.9 (3) 36.0 (9) 0.740* 12.6 (25) 11.7 (14) 0.813* 47.6 (10) 18.2 (2) 0.139**
 Lightening process 4.3 (4) 5.2 (12) 0.757 33.3 (1) 50.0 (5) 1.000** 2.5 (5) 9.2 (11) 0.008* 60.0 (3) 37.5 (3) 0.592**
Biologically-based systems. including herbalism 90.2 (83) 81.9 (190) 0.064     86.9 (173) 80.8 (97) 0.143*    
 DSVMT 72.8 (67) 64.2 (149) 0.139 74.2 (46) 75.0 (93) 0.905* 68.8 (137) 64.2 (77) 0.389* 80.7 (96) 63.6 (42) 0.011*
 DSVMS 71.7 (66) 53.9 (125) 0.003 66.1 (37) 61.1 (55) 0.546* 60.3 (120) 58.3 (70) 0.729* 72.2 (70) 43.8 (21) 0.001*
 Special diet 55.4 (51) 44.4 (103) 0.073 76.1 (35) 73.5 (61) 0.746* 42.7 (85) 56.7 (68) 0.016* 79.5 (58) 67.3 (37) 0.119*
 Herbs 35.9 (33) 38.4 (89) 0.676 63.0 (17) 52.4 (33) 0.355* 35.7 (71) 41.7 (50) 0.286* 58.8 (30) 50.0 (19) 0.408*
 Biopathy 10.9 (10) 14.2 (33) 0.422 50.0 (5) 36.4 (8) 0.699** 10.1 (20) 19.2 (23) 0.021* 35.7 (5) 44.4 (8) 0.618*
Manipulative and body-based methods 60.9 (56) 61.6 (143) 0.898     59.3 (118) 65.5 (79) 0.245*    
 Reflexology 41.3 (38) 42.7 (99) 0.822 41.9 (13) 51.3 (39) 0.378* 40.2 (80) 45.8 (55) 0.324* 51.6 (32) 43.2 (19) 0.392*
 Massage 33.7 (31) 42.7 (99) 0.137 58.3 (14) 36.0 (27) 0.053* 38.7 (77) 43.3 (52) 0.413* 46.3 (25) 36.4 (16) 0.321*
 Kinesiology 29.3 (27) 29.3 (68) 0.995 40.0 (8) 44.7 (21) 0.723* 27.1 ((54) 33.3 (40) 0.240* 40.6 (13) 44.1 (15) 0.774*
 Naprapathy 6.5 (6) 15.9 (37) 0.024 75.0 (3) 41.7 (10) 0.311** 12.1 (24) 14.2 (17) 0.586* 50.0 (8) 40.0 (4) 0.619**
 Craniosacral therapy 5.4 (5) 9.9 (23) 0.196 80.0 (4) 31.3 (5) 0.119** 9.0 (18) 8.3 (10) 0.828* 75.0 (9) 0.0 (0) 0.001**
Energy therapies 40.2 (37) 42.2 (98) 0.739     40.7 (81) 44.2 (53) 0.544*    
 Healing 35.9 (33) 32.8 (76) 0.593 37.5 (9) 32.1 (17) 0.641** 29.1 (58) 41.7 (50) 0.022* 47.2 (17) 20.0 (8) 0.012*
 Magneticfield therapy 14.1 (13) 21.1 (49) 0.149 36.4 (4) 27.3 (9) 0.706** 22.6 (45) 14.2 (17) 0.065* 38.7 (12) 7.7 (1) 0.068**
Rehabilitation in a CAM institution 7.6 (7) 9.9 (23) 0.519 66.7 (4) 84.2 (16) 0.562** 10.6 (21) 7.5 (9) 0.366* 94.4 (17) 42.9 (3) 0.012**
  1. *Pearson Chi-Square test
  2. **Fisher's Exact test
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